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t(5;14)(q33;q24) NIN/PDGFRB

Written2004-09José Luis Vizmanos
Departamento de Genética, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Navarra, Espana

(Note : for Links provided by Atlas : click)

Identity

ICD-Topo C420,C421,C424 BLOOD, BONE MARROW, & HEMATOPOIETIC SYS
ICD-Morpho 9966/3 Myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms with PDGFRB rearrangement
ICD-Morpho 9975/3 Chronic myelogenous leukaemia, BCR-ABL1 positive; Myeloproliferative neoplasm, unclassifiable; Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm, unclassifiable
Atlas_Id 1325
 
  G-band analysis. Partial karyotype showing the t(5;14)(q33;q24).

Clinics and Pathology

Disease CML-like myeloproliferative disorder.
Note L Atypical CML.
Epidemiology Very rare, only one case described.
Clinics Eosinophilia, basophilia, psoriasic skin lesions, splenomegaly.
Treatment Imatinib mesylate after 14 years from diagnosis.
Evolution Molecular remission after one year of treatment.
Prognosis Good.

Cytogenetics

 
  FISH analyses :
  • (A) FISH using cosmids 9-4 (green) and 4-1 (red) showing the putative involvement of PDGFRB in the translocation.
  • (B) FISH using BACs RPCI-11 286O18 (red, centromeric to NIN) and RPCI-11 248J18 (covering almost all NIN) showing a split between them compatible with the molecular breakpoint found.
  • (C) FISH painting using STAR*FISH human whole chromosome specific probes for chromosomes 5 (Cy3, red) and 14 (FITC, green) which confirms the translocation between them.
  • Additional anomalies Sole anomaly.
    Variants No variants described.

    Genes involved and Proteins

    Gene Name NIN
    Location 14q22.1
    Note This gene is involved only in this translocation.
    Dna / Rna 31 exons spanning 111.3 Kb on 14q22.1. Transcription is from telomere to centromere. 4-5 alternative transcripts.
    Protein Homooligomer. Interacts with GSK3B (GSK3-beta) via its C-terminus domain, ait also interacts with C14ORF166 preventing its phosphorylation by GSK3-beta. NIN is a component of the core centrosome. Arranged in a tubular conformation with an open and a closed end within the centrosome. In the mother centrosome, it localizes at both ends of the centrosome tube, including the site of centrosome duplication, while in the daughter centrosome it is present only at the closed end. Requires PCM1 for centrosome localization. In interphase cells, it is localized in the centrosome. Decreases in metaphase and anaphase and reappears in telophase. Its expression is ubiquitous and is high in heart and skeletal muscle.
    Gene Name PDGFRB
    Dna / Rna 23 exons spanning 42 Kb on 5q32. Transcription is from telomere to centromere. 1 transcript with 5.6 Kb.
    Protein This gene encodes a cell surface tyrosine kinase receptor for members of the platelet-derived growth factor family. These growth factors are mitogens for cells of mesenchymal origin. The identity of the growth factor bound to a receptor monomer determines whether the functional receptor is a homodimer or a heterodimer, composed of both platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and beta polypeptides. This gene is flanked on chromosome 5 by the genes for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor ( GM-CSF ) and macrophage-colony stimulating factor receptor; all three genes may be implicated in the 5q- syndrome. Several rare translocations between this gene and other partners result in chronic eosinophilic leukemia, atypical CML or chronic myelomonocitic leukemia with eosinophilia. Only one case with a t(5;14)(q31;p12) and CEV14-PDGFRB fusion has been found as a secondary event in a patient with relapsed acute myeloid leukemia.

    Result of the chromosomal anomaly

    Hybrid gene
    Description Fusion in-frame between NIN exon 28 and PDGFRB exon 12.
    Transcript 5' NIN-PDGFRB 3'
    Detection See Ref 2 below. PDGFRB-NIN was also detected.
      
    Fusion Protein
     
      Schematic representation of the fusion NIN-PDGFRB consequence of the t(5;14)(q33;q24) in a chronic myeloproliferative disorder with eosinophilia. From up to down: PDGFRB, NIN and the putative chimeric NIN-PDGFRB structure. TM, transmembrane domain; TK, tyrosine kinase domain; LZ, leuzine-zipper domain. Coiled coil domains on NIN and NIN-PDGFRB are indicated with asterisks.
    Description The fusion gene is predicted to encode a NIN-PDGFRB protein of 300 kDA (2595 aminoacids) retaining most of NIN protein (2047 of the wild-type 2116 aminoacids) and most of the intracellular domain of PDGFRB (548 aminoacids), including the entire tyrosine kinase domain. This fusion involves PDGFRB exon 12, whereas all other reported PDGFRB fusions involve exon 11. Consequently, NIN-PDGFRB lacks the PDGFRB transmembrane domain. From ninein, the fusion would retain the potential GTP-binding site, a large coiled-coil domain, four leucine-zipper domains and a GSK-3B binding site.
    Oncogenesis NIN shares features in common with other tyrosine kinase fusion partners, namely widespread expression and the presence of putative oligomerization domains. Although there is no direct experimental proof, it is likely that the NIN promoter drives expression of the chimeric gene in hemopoietic progenitor cells, and the oligomerization domain(s) result in ligand-independent activation of the PDGFRB kinase moiety by mimicking the normal process of ligand-induced receptor dimerization.
      

    Bibliography

    Novel translocations that disrupt the platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFRB) gene in BCR-ABL-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders.
    Baxter EJ, Kulkarni S, Vizmanos JL, Jaju R, Martinelli G, Testoni N, Hughes G, Salamanchuk Z, Calasanz MJ, Lahortiga I, Pocock CF, Dang R, Fidler C, Wainscoat JS, Boultwood J, Cross NC
    British journal of haematology. 2003 ; 120 (2) : 251-256.
    PMID 12542482
     
    NIN, a gene encoding a CEP110-like centrosomal protein, is fused to PDGFRB in a patient with a t(5;14)(q33;q24) and an imatinib-responsive myeloproliferative disorder.
    Vizmanos JL, Novo FJ, Román JP, Baxter EJ, Lahortiga I, Larráyoz MJ, Odero MD, Giraldo P, Calasanz MJ, Cross NC
    Cancer research. 2004 ; 64 (8) : 2673-2676.
    PMID 15087377
     

    Citation

    This paper should be referenced as such :
    Vizmanos, JL
    t(5;14)(q33;q24)
    Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2004;8(4):322-324.
    Free journal version : [ pdf ]   [ DOI ]
    On line version : http://AtlasGeneticsOncology.org/Anomalies/t0514q33q24ID1325.html


    Other genes implicated (Data extracted from papers in the Atlas) [ 2 ]

    Genes NIN PDGFRB

    Translocations implicated (Data extracted from papers in the Atlas)

     t(5;14)(q33;q24) NIN/PDGFRB

    External links

    NIN (14q22.1) PDGFRB (5q32)

    NIN (14q22.1) PDGFRB (5q32)

    Mitelman databaset(5;14)(q33;q24) [Case List]    t(5;14)(q33;q24) [Association List] Mitelman database (CGAP - NCBI)
    arrayMapTopo ( C42) Morph ( 9966/3) - arrayMap (UZH-SIB Zurich)  [auto + random 100 samples .. if exist ]   [tabulated segments]
    arrayMapTopo ( C42) Morph ( 9975/3) - arrayMap (UZH-SIB Zurich)  [auto + random 100 samples .. if exist ]   [tabulated segments]
     
    Mitelman databaseNIN/PDGFRB [MCList]  NIN (14q22.1) PDGFRB (5q32)
    TICdbNIN/PDGFRB  NIN (14q22.1) PDGFRB (5q32)
     
    Disease databaset(5;14)(q33;q24) NIN/PDGFRB
    REVIEW articlesautomatic search in PubMed
    Last year articlesautomatic search in PubMed
    All articlesautomatic search in PubMed


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