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ANLN (anillin, actin binding protein)

Written2009-01Yataro Daigo, Yusuke Nakamura
Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Human Genome Center, Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan

(Note : for Links provided by Atlas : click)

Identity

Alias_namesanillin (Drosophila Scraps homolog), actin binding protein
anillin, actin binding protein (scraps homolog, Drosophila)
Alias_symbol (synonym)ANILLIN
Scraps
scra
Other alias
HGNC (Hugo) ANLN
LocusID (NCBI) 54443
Atlas_Id 44318
Location 7p14.2  [Link to chromosome band 7p14]
Location_base_pair Starts at 36389803 and ends at 36453791 bp from pter ( according to hg19-Feb_2009)  [Mapping ANLN.png]
Local_order The human ANLN gene maps on 7p15-p14 between the KIAA0895 and the ENSG00000210490 loci.
Fusion genes
(updated 2016)
ANLN (7p14.2) / ANLN (7p14.2)ANLN (7p14.2) / EEPD1 (7p14.2)ANLN (7p14.2) / POU6F2 (7p14.1)

DNA/RNA

Description The ANLN gene consists of 63,969 bases and at least 23 exons.
Transcription The transcribed mRNA is 4,786 bp.

Protein

Description The human ANLN cDNA encodes a protein (1124 amino acids; 124199 Da) that includes an actin-binding domain and a C-terminal domain with pleckstrin homology (PH). It also contains several consensus nuclear localization sequences (NLS) and one consensus SH3-binding motif.
Expression ANLN is mainly expressed in adult placenta, testis, and spinal cord, and in fetal organs (brain, heart, kidney, liver, lung, skeletal muscle, spleen and thymus).
Localisation ANLN is mainly found in nucleus, cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, cleavage furrow, and cell cortex.
Function Anillin (ANLN) was initially characterized as a human homologue of anillin, a Drosophila actin-binding protein. ANLN localizes not only to the cytoplasm but also to nuclei in some proportion of cancer cells; it is likely to present at the cortex following breakdown of the nuclear envelope, and in the cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. ANLN plays an important role in cell-cycle progression. In late phases ANLN may assemble the actin and myosin contractile ring that separates daughter cells, through interaction with at least two other furrow proteins, actin and septins (SEPTs). ANLN is supposed to be a substrate of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C), a ubiquitin ligase that controls mitotic progression.

Implicated in

Note
  
Entity Lung cancer
Prognosis Nuclear ANLN (n-ANLN) was indicated to be an independent prognostic factor for patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
Oncogenesis ANLN interacts with and activates RHOA, and this complex is likely to be essential for the growth-promoting pathway and aggressive features of lung cancers as well as for cell division. Moreover n-ANLN whose nuclear localization and stability are regulated by PI3K/ AKT signaling, appears to regulate the malignant potential of cancer cells.
  
  
Entity Prostate cancer
Note Overexpression of ANLN was observed in hormone-refractory prostate cancers (HRPCs)
  
  
Entity Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
Note Overexpression of ANLN was observed in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs).
  

Bibliography

The septin-binding protein anillin is overexpressed in diverse human tumors.
Hall PA, Todd CB, Hyland PL, McDade SS, Grabsch H, Dattani M, Hillan KJ, Russell SE.
Clin Cancer Res. 2005 Oct 1;11(19 Pt 1):6780-6.
PMID 16203764
 
Identification of molecular targets in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas based on genome-wide gene expression profiling.
Shimizu S, Seki N, Sugimoto T, Horiguchi S, Tanzawa H, Hanazawa T, Okamoto Y.
Oncol Rep. 2007 Dec;18(6):1489-97.
PMID 17982635
 
ANLN plays a critical role in human lung carcinogenesis through the activation of RHOA and by involvement in the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/AKT pathway.
Suzuki C, Daigo Y, Ishikawa N, Kato T, Hayama S, Ito T, Tsuchiya E, Nakamura Y.
Cancer Res. 2005 Dec 15;65(24):11314-25.
PMID 16357138
 
Molecular features of hormone-refractory prostate cancer cells by genome-wide gene expression profiles.
Tamura K, Furihata M, Tsunoda T, Ashida S, Takata R, Obara W, Yoshioka H, Daigo Y, Nasu Y, Kumon H, Konaka H, Namiki M, Tozawa K, Kohri K, Tanji N, Yokoyama M, Shimazui T, Akaza H, Mizutani Y, Miki T, Fujioka T, Shuin T, Nakamura Y, Nakagawa H.
Cancer Res. 2007 Jun 1;67(11):5117-25.
PMID 17545589
 

Citation

This paper should be referenced as such :
Daigo, Y ; Nakamura, Y
ANLN (anillin, actin binding protein)
Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2009;13(12):907-908.
Free journal version : [ pdf ]   [ DOI ]
On line version : http://AtlasGeneticsOncology.org/Genes/ANLNID44318ch7p14.html


External links

Nomenclature
HGNC (Hugo)ANLN   14082
Cards
AtlasANLNID44318ch7p14
Entrez_Gene (NCBI)ANLN  54443  anillin actin binding protein
AliasesFSGS8; Scraps; scra
GeneCards (Weizmann)ANLN
Ensembl hg19 (Hinxton)ENSG00000011426 [Gene_View]
Ensembl hg38 (Hinxton)ENSG00000011426 [Gene_View]  chr7:36389803-36453791 [Contig_View]  ANLN [Vega]
ICGC DataPortalENSG00000011426
TCGA cBioPortalANLN
AceView (NCBI)ANLN
Genatlas (Paris)ANLN
WikiGenes54443
SOURCE (Princeton)ANLN
Genetics Home Reference (NIH)ANLN
Genomic and cartography
GoldenPath hg38 (UCSC)ANLN  -     chr7:36389803-36453791 +  7p14.2   [Description]    (hg38-Dec_2013)
GoldenPath hg19 (UCSC)ANLN  -     7p14.2   [Description]    (hg19-Feb_2009)
EnsemblANLN - 7p14.2 [CytoView hg19]  ANLN - 7p14.2 [CytoView hg38]
Mapping of homologs : NCBIANLN [Mapview hg19]  ANLN [Mapview hg38]
OMIM616027   616032   
Gene and transcription
Genbank (Entrez)AF273437 AK001468 AK001472 AK023208 AK094574
RefSeq transcript (Entrez)NM_001284301 NM_001284302 NM_018685
RefSeq genomic (Entrez)
Consensus coding sequences : CCDS (NCBI)ANLN
Cluster EST : UnigeneHs.62180 [ NCBI ]
CGAP (NCI)Hs.62180
Alternative Splicing GalleryENSG00000011426
Gene ExpressionANLN [ NCBI-GEO ]   ANLN [ EBI - ARRAY_EXPRESS ]   ANLN [ SEEK ]   ANLN [ MEM ]
Gene Expression Viewer (FireBrowse)ANLN [ Firebrowse - Broad ]
SOURCE (Princeton)Expression in : [Datasets]   [Normal Tissue Atlas]  [carcinoma Classsification]  [NCI60]
GenevisibleExpression in : [tissues]  [cell-lines]  [cancer]  [perturbations]  
BioGPS (Tissue expression)54443
GTEX Portal (Tissue expression)ANLN
Protein : pattern, domain, 3D structure
UniProt/SwissProtQ9NQW6   [function]  [subcellular_location]  [family_and_domains]  [pathology_and_biotech]  [ptm_processing]  [expression]  [interaction]
NextProtQ9NQW6  [Sequence]  [Exons]  [Medical]  [Publications]
With graphics : InterProQ9NQW6
Splice isoforms : SwissVarQ9NQW6
PhosPhoSitePlusQ9NQW6
Domaine pattern : Prosite (Expaxy)PH_DOMAIN (PS50003)   
Domains : Interpro (EBI)AHD    Anillin_N    PH_dom-like    PH_domain   
Domain families : Pfam (Sanger)Anillin (PF08174)    Anillin_N (PF16018)    PH (PF00169)   
Domain families : Pfam (NCBI)pfam08174    pfam16018    pfam00169   
Domain families : Smart (EMBL)PH (SM00233)  
Conserved Domain (NCBI)ANLN
DMDM Disease mutations54443
Blocks (Seattle)ANLN
PDB (SRS)2Y7B    4XH3    4XOI   
PDB (PDBSum)2Y7B    4XH3    4XOI   
PDB (IMB)2Y7B    4XH3    4XOI   
PDB (RSDB)2Y7B    4XH3    4XOI   
Structural Biology KnowledgeBase2Y7B    4XH3    4XOI   
SCOP (Structural Classification of Proteins)2Y7B    4XH3    4XOI   
CATH (Classification of proteins structures)2Y7B    4XH3    4XOI   
SuperfamilyQ9NQW6
Human Protein AtlasENSG00000011426
Peptide AtlasQ9NQW6
HPRD09799
IPIIPI00032958   IPI00743594   IPI00926483   IPI00925856   IPI00926048   IPI00927226   IPI00927431   IPI00926753   IPI00926956   IPI00925097   
Protein Interaction databases
DIP (DOE-UCLA)Q9NQW6
IntAct (EBI)Q9NQW6
FunCoupENSG00000011426
BioGRIDANLN
STRING (EMBL)ANLN
ZODIACANLN
Ontologies - Pathways
QuickGOQ9NQW6
Ontology : AmiGOmitotic cytokinesis  septin ring assembly  hematopoietic progenitor cell differentiation  actin binding  nucleoplasm  actomyosin contractile ring  regulation of exit from mitosis  actin cytoskeleton  cadherin binding  glomerular visceral epithelial cell migration  
Ontology : EGO-EBImitotic cytokinesis  septin ring assembly  hematopoietic progenitor cell differentiation  actin binding  nucleoplasm  actomyosin contractile ring  regulation of exit from mitosis  actin cytoskeleton  cadherin binding  glomerular visceral epithelial cell migration  
NDEx NetworkANLN
Atlas of Cancer Signalling NetworkANLN
Wikipedia pathwaysANLN
Orthology - Evolution
OrthoDB54443
GeneTree (enSembl)ENSG00000011426
Phylogenetic Trees/Animal Genes : TreeFamANLN
HOVERGENQ9NQW6
HOGENOMQ9NQW6
Homologs : HomoloGeneANLN
Homology/Alignments : Family Browser (UCSC)ANLN
Gene fusions - Rearrangements
Fusion : MitelmanANLN/EEPD1 [7p14.2/7p14.2]  
Fusion : MitelmanANLN/POU6F2 [7p14.2/7p14.1]  [t(7;7)(p14;p14)]  
Fusion: TCGAANLN 7p14.2 EEPD1 7p14.2 LUAD
Fusion: TCGAANLN 7p14.2 POU6F2 7p14.1 BLCA
Polymorphisms : SNP and Copy number variants
NCBI Variation ViewerANLN [hg38]
dbSNP Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (NCBI)ANLN
dbVarANLN
ClinVarANLN
1000_GenomesANLN 
Exome Variant ServerANLN
ExAC (Exome Aggregation Consortium)ANLN (select the gene name)
Genetic variants : HAPMAP54443
Genomic Variants (DGV)ANLN [DGVbeta]
DECIPHERANLN [patients]   [syndromes]   [variants]   [genes]  
CONAN: Copy Number AnalysisANLN 
Mutations
ICGC Data PortalANLN 
TCGA Data PortalANLN 
Broad Tumor PortalANLN
OASIS PortalANLN [ Somatic mutations - Copy number]
Somatic Mutations in Cancer : COSMICANLN  [overview]  [genome browser]  [tissue]  [distribution]  
Mutations and Diseases : HGMDANLN
LOVD (Leiden Open Variation Database)Whole genome datasets
LOVD (Leiden Open Variation Database)LOVD 3.0 shared installation
BioMutasearch ANLN
DgiDB (Drug Gene Interaction Database)ANLN
DoCM (Curated mutations)ANLN (select the gene name)
CIViC (Clinical Interpretations of Variants in Cancer)ANLN (select a term)
intoGenANLN
NCG5 (London)ANLN
Cancer3DANLN(select the gene name)
Impact of mutations[PolyPhen2] [SIFT Human Coding SNP] [Buck Institute : MutDB] [Mutation Assessor] [Mutanalyser]
Diseases
OMIM616027    616032   
Orphanet12191   
MedgenANLN
Genetic Testing Registry ANLN
NextProtQ9NQW6 [Medical]
TSGene54443
GENETestsANLN
Target ValidationANLN
Huge Navigator ANLN [HugePedia]
snp3D : Map Gene to Disease54443
BioCentury BCIQANLN
ClinGenANLN
Clinical trials, drugs, therapy
Chemical/Protein Interactions : CTD54443
Chemical/Pharm GKB GenePA24809
Clinical trialANLN
Miscellaneous
canSAR (ICR)ANLN (select the gene name)
Probes
Litterature
PubMed50 Pubmed reference(s) in Entrez
GeneRIFsGene References Into Functions (Entrez)
CoreMineANLN
EVEXANLN
GoPubMedANLN
iHOPANLN
REVIEW articlesautomatic search in PubMed
Last year publicationsautomatic search in PubMed

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indexed on : Fri Jun 30 11:00:47 CEST 2017

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