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Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1)

Written2000-03Alain Calender
Service de genetique moleculaire et medicale, hopital Edouard-Herriot, batiment B7, 5, place d'Arsonval, 69437 Lyon 03, France

(Note : for Links provided by Atlas : click)
 

Identity

Other namesWermer's syndrome
Atlas_Id 10008
Genes implicated inMEN1  
Note Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 or Wermer's syndrome (MEN1) is a complex disease predisposing to a variety of endocrine tumors multifocal and/or bilateral localization and uncommonly to non-endocrine tumors mainly of the skin and central nervous system
Inheritance an autosomal dominant disorder with high penetrance (increasing with age: 90% by age 50 yrs) but variable expressivity (with phenotype/genotype correlations); frequency is unkown but estimated between 1/50000 and 1/30000

Clinics

Neoplastic risk
  • parathyroid adenomas in MEN1 remain benign lesions
  • Treatment
  • parathyroids : the recommended procedure is 3 and half parathyroidectomy and cautious exploration of the thymic tissues in which ectopic adenomas and/or carcinoids (neuroendocrine tumors) have been described
  • pancreas : in most cases (insulinoma, glucagonomas, > 2cm non functionnal tumors, surgery is a best procedure and might be duodenopancreactomy in the heavy cases; nevertheless, in gastrinomas and non functionnal small tumors identified by US endoscopy, the best procedure is the medical (antiacid) treatment and a careful follow-up of patients.
  • pituitary adenomas : the treatment is the same as for sporadic lesions
  • adrenal glands tumors : surgery is the best recommended procedure when lesions are clearly identified by imagery
  • thymic/bronchial carcinoids : they must be cured by surgery because they are malignant and alter prognosis in MEN1 patients
  • Prognosis according to the severity of the disease in a given patient, and to the quality of a regular follow up; mean age at death is relatively similar to that of the general population; nevertheless, death may occur early in life (10 to 50yr) due to the complications of hormonal secretions by tumors (hemorrhagic ulcers, malignant hypercalcaemia, carcinoid syndromes) or evolution of the maligant process (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and thoracic carcinoids): 50 yrs; a presymptomatic diagnosis improves survival data and might prevent earlier the main causes of death in this disease

    Genes involved and Proteins

    Location 11q13.1
    DNA/RNA
    Description 10 exons
    Transcription different splicings
    Protein
    Description 610 amino-acids, 67 Kda; contains two nuclear localization signals
    Expression wide
    Function growth-suppressor gene
    Mutations
    Germinal causes multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1

    Bibliography

    Menin interacts with the AP1 transcription factor JunD and represses JunD-activated transcription.
    Agarwal SK, Guru SC, Heppner C, Erdos MR, Collins RM, Park SY, Saggar S, Chandrasekharappa SC, Collins FS, Spiegel AM, Marx SJ, Burns AL
    Cell. 1999 ; 96 (1) : 143-152.
    PMID 9989505
     
    Characterization of mutations in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1.
    Bassett JH, Forbes SA, Pannett AA, Lloyd SE, Christie PT, Wooding C, Harding B, Besser GM, Edwards CR, Monson JP, Sampson J, Wass JA, Wheeler MH, Thakker RV
    American journal of human genetics. 1998 ; 62 (2) : 232-244.
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    [Clinicogenetic study of MEN1: recent physiopathological data and clinical applications. Study Group of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (GENEM)]
    Calender A, Giraud S, Porchet N, Gaudray P, Cadiot G, Mignon M
    Annales d'endocrinologie. 1998 ; 59 (6) : 444-451.
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    Positional cloning of the gene for multiple endocrine neoplasia-type 1.
    Chandrasekharappa SC, Guru SC, Manickam P, Olufemi SE, Collins FS, Emmert-Buck MR, Debelenko LV, Zhuang Z, Lubensky IA, Liotta LA, Crabtree JS, Wang Y, Roe BA, Weisemann J, Boguski MS, Agarwal SK, Kester MB, Kim YS, Heppner C, Dong Q, Spiegel AM, Burns AL, Marx SJ
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    Giraud S, Zhang CX, Serova-Sinilnikova O, Wautot V, Salandre J, Buisson N, Waterlot C, Bauters C, Porchet N, Aubert JP, Emy P, Cadiot G, Delemer B, Chabre O, Niccoli P, Leprat F, Duron F, Emperauger B, Cougard P, Goudet P, Sarfati E, Riou JP, Guichard S, Rodier M, Meyrier A, Caron P, Vantyghem MC, Assayag M, Peix JL, Pugeat M, Rohmer V, Vallotton M, Lenoir G, Gaudray P, Proye C, Conte-Devolx B, Chanson P, Shugart YY, Goldgar D, Murat A, Calender A
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    Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 gene maps to chromosome 11 and is lost in insulinoma.
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    Mutation analysis of the MEN1 gene in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, familial acromegaly and familial isolated hyperparathyroidism.
    Teh BT, Kytölä S, Farnebo F, Bergman L, Wong FK, Weber G, Hayward N, Larsson C, Skogseid B, Beckers A, Phelan C, Edwards M, Epstein M, Alford F, Hurley D, Grimmond S, Silins G, Walters M, Stewart C, Cardinal J, Khodaei S, Parente F, Tranebjaerg L, Jorde R, Salmela P
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    Clinical studies of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1)
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    ENDOCRINE ADENOMATOSIS AND PEPTIC ULCER IN A LARGE KINDRED. INHERITED MULTIPLE TUMORS AND MOSAIC PLEIOTROPISM IN MAN.
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    Citation

    This paper should be referenced as such :
    Calender, A
    Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1)
    Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2000;4(2):92-94.
    Free journal version : [ pdf ]   [ DOI ]
    On line version : http://AtlasGeneticsOncology.org/Tumors/MEN1KproneID10008.html


    Other genes implicated (Data extracted from papers in the Atlas) [ 8 ]

    Genes ASCL1 CDC73 ELL FGF2 GAST HOXC8 IER3 MEN1


    External links

    OMIM131100
    OrphanetMultiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
    ICD-10D44.8  
    Other databaseMultiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (GARD)
    Other databaseMEN1 mutation database
    Other databaseGENEM Scientific network
    Genes implicated inMEN1   [ Atlas ]   [ Entrez ]  [ LOVD ]  [ GeneReviews ]  

    REVIEW articlesautomatic search in PubMed
    Last year articlesautomatic search in PubMed


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    indexed on : Fri Apr 30 15:04:28 CEST 2021


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