Sotos syndrome (SOS)

2004-10-01   Kurotaki Naohiro 

Department of Molecular, Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza 604B (Lupski lab), Houston, Texas 77030, USA

Identity

Name

Sotos syndrome (SOS)

Alias

Cerebral gigantism

Inheritance

Generally sporadic, a few inherited cases. The familial case reported in 2003 was proved to have NSD1 mutation

Omim

117550 , 614753

Mesh

D058495

Orphanet

821 Sotos syndrome

Umls

C0175695

Clinics

Phenotype and clinics

  • Excessive growth, advanced bone age, typical facial gestalt,developmental delay.
  • In infancy growth is rapid, but settles down above the >97th centile in early childhood.
  • The adult height remains close to normal.
  • Large hands and feet
  • Characteristic facial gestalt: macrocephaly (>97th centile), frontal bossing, prognathism, hypertelorism, and antimongoloid slant of the palpebral fissures
  • Occasional hypotonia and delay in motor and language development
  • Cardiac, urogenital, musculoskeletal, and ophthalmologic anomalies are observed.
  • Neoplastic risk

    Relatively high. Neoplasms in SoS are found with a frequency of 2.2-3.9%

    Cytogenetics

    Inborn condition

    Routine chromosome analysis usually shows normal karyotype. Chromosomal abnormality concering 5q35 were reported. In addition, several chromosomal translocations other than 5q have been published.

    Genes involved and Proteins

    Alias

    Nuclear receptor binding SET domain protein 1

    Note

    Haploinsufficiency of NSD1 is a major cause of SoS.

    Bibliography

    Pubmed IDLast YearTitleAuthors
    100869391999Growth in Sotos syndrome.Agwu JC et al
    75121441994Sotos syndrome: a study of the diagnostic criteria and natural history.Cole TR et al
    124649972003NSD1 mutations are the major cause of Sotos syndrome and occur in some cases of Weaver syndrome but are rare in other overgrowth phenotypes.Douglas J et al
    125255432003Familial Sotos syndrome is caused by a novel 1 bp deletion of the NSD1 gene.Höglund P et al
    96288761998Two distinct nuclear receptor interaction domains in NSD1, a novel SET protein that exhibits characteristics of both corepressors and coactivators.Huang N et al
    117331442001Molecular characterization of NSD1, a human homologue of the mouse Nsd1 gene.Kurotaki N et al
    126769012003Sotos syndrome and haploinsufficiency of NSD1: clinical features of intragenic mutations and submicroscopic deletions.Nagai T et al
    128052292003NSD1 is essential for early post-implantation development and has a catalytically active SET domain.Rayasam GV et al
    128079652003Spectrum of NSD1 mutations in Sotos and Weaver syndromes.Rio M et al
    141482331964CEREBRAL GIGANTISM IN CHILDHOOD. A SYNDROME OF EXCESSIVELY RAPID GROWTH AND ACROMEGALIC FEATURES AND A NONPROGRESSIVE NEUROLOGIC DISORDER.SOTOS JF et al
    145712712003Mutations in NSD1 are responsible for Sotos syndrome, but are not a frequent finding in other overgrowth phenotypes.Türkmen S et al
    146312062003Genetics of Sotos syndrome.Visser R et al