CDC7 (cell division cycle 7)

2020-02-01   Hugo Passos Vicari , Joao Agostinho Machado-Neto 

Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil;;




CDC7 is a serine-threonine kinase that participates in multiple cellular processes, including DNA replication, chromosomal segregation, S phase cell cycle progression, and DNA damage checkpoint. CDC7 is frequently highly expressed in several types of neoplasm, and it has been associated with cancer development and poor clinical outcomes. In different cancer models, functional studies indicated that CDC7 may be an attractive target for antineoplastic therapy, and CDC7 inhibitors have been developed. The present review on CDC7 contains data on DNA\/RNA, the protein encoded, and the implication of this gene in cancer cell biology and clinical outcomes.



The entire CDC7 gene is approximately 24.9 Kb (start: 91500851 and end: 91525764 bp; orientation: Plus strand). On the NCBI database (, there are 3 transcript variants (exons: 12, coding exons: 11) for CDC7 that encode for the same protein (574 amino acids [aa]): the transcript variant 1 represents the most commonly occurring transcript (transcript length: 3215 bp); the transcript variant 2 presents a different splice site in the 5 UTR (transcript length: 3188 bp), while the transcript variant 3 has different segment for part of its 5 UTR (transcript length: 3316 bp). On the Ensembl database (, there are 3 additional transcript variants for CDC7: one transcript variant has 6 exons (5 coding exons), length of 701 bp, and encode a 157 aa protein, and two transcript variant that encodes no protein (one with 4 exons and length of 729 bp, and other with 4 exons and length of 594 bp).


Atlas Image
Figure 1. Schematic structure of CDC7 protein. (A) The CDC7 protein presents 574 aa and contains a protein kinase domain that is responsible for its activity. The position of amino acids is indicated in the Figure. The 3D reconstitution of CDC7 protein was constructed using Swiss-model platform (, and cartoon (B) and surface (C) versions of the protein are illustrated.


CDC7 protein consists of 574 aminoacids (aa) with a molecular weight of 64 kDa and has a conserved protein kinase domain (58-574 aa) in the C-terminal region. The schematic representation of the CDC7 protein is illustrated in Figure 1.




Nucleoplasm, cytokinetic bridge, and mitotic spindle.
Atlas Image
Figure 2. CDC7-mediated cell signaling and cellular processes. (A) CDC7 binds to DBF4 (activated complex), which acts in initiation of DNA replication at origins by phosphorylation of MCM (mini-chromosome maintenance) proteins. (B) Upon DNA damage or stress, CDC7 phosphorylates claspin and activates ATR/CHK1 pathway. (C) CDC7 phosphorylates HP1 that promotes cohesion of sister chromatids in mitosis.


CDC7 is a serine-threonine kinase that participates in chromosomal DNA replication promoting progression of S phase of the cell cycle, normal chromosomal segregation during mitosis, and checkpoint response to DNA damage (Bousset and Diffley, 1998; Sawa and Masai, 2009; Takahashi et al., 2008). During DNA synthesis, CDC7 forms a complex with DBF4 (CDC7/DBF4 complex, also known as DDK), which acts in initiation of DNA replication at origins by phosphorylation of MCM (mini-chromosome maintenance) proteins (important components of replicative helicase), and allowing replisome activity (Kim et al., 2003b; Labib, 2010; Matsumoto and Masai, 2013; Sclafani and Hesselberth, 2018). Regarding chromosomal segregation, CDC7 regulates multiple proteins that enable cohesin deposition on DNA (Takahashi et al., 2008) and phosphorylates HP1 that promotes cohesion of sister chromatids in mitosis (Bailis et al., 2003). In addition, it has been described as a relevant role for CDC7 in the monopolar attachment to kinetochores during meiosis (Matos et al., 2008). In checkpoint response to DNA damage, CDC7 is important for ATR - CHK1 activation by phosphorylation of CLSPN (claspin) (Kim et al., 2008; Rainey et al., 2013; Tenca et al., 2007), which leads to inactivation of the anaphase-promoting complex (Yamada et al., 2013). It has been demonstrated that DBF4 are upstream targets of ATM or ATR, and once phosphorylated activates intra-S phase checkpoint, which suppresses DNA replication under stress (Lee et al., 2012). Under high replication stress, CDC7 may trigger apoptosis by CHK1-dependent pathway (Costanzo et al., 2003; Tsuji et al., 2008). The main cellular and molecular functions of CDC7 are illustrated in Figure 2.


The CDC7 gene and protein are highly homologous among different species, as shown in Table 1.
Table 1. Comparative identity of human CDC7 with other species
% Identity for: Homo sapiens CDC7SymbolProteinDNA
vs. P.troglodytesCDC797.798.6
vs. M.mulattaCDC796.997.8
vs. C.lupusCDC790.692.9
vs. B.taurusCDC789.490.8
vs. M.musculusCdc781.483.2
vs. R.norvegicusCdc781.581.9
vs. G.gallusCDC769.874.1
vs. X.tropicaliscdc766.968.3
vs. D.reriocdc763.760.6
vs. A.gambiaeAgaP_AGAP00211040.043.8




A total of 272 unique samples presenting CDC7 mutations were found among the 36154 tested samples reported in COSMIC (Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer; The mutations p.N31Tfs*51 ([c.92del] large intestine, n=16; stomach, n=4; lung, n=1; and biliary tract, n=1) and p.L28* ([c.83T>A], liver, n=4; prostate, n=3; skin, n=3; lung, n=2; soft tissue, n=1; and glioma, n=1) were the most frequent. In agreement, 315 out of 46651 (0.7%) tested samples presented CDC7 genetic alterations (mutations, amplifications, deep deletions, and multiple alterations), as reported in cBioPortal ( The distribution of somatic mutations was 122 missense substitutions, 51 truncating, 1 inframe, and 2 other mutations (a total of 176 mutated samples [0.4%]). Interestingly, p.N31Tfs*51 mutation was observed in 15 out of 176 mutations in stomach adenocarcinoma, uterine endometrioid carcinoma, colon cancer, and others. Indeed, somatic mutations in CDC7 have been reported in colorectal and gastric cancer, but its biological relevance is still poorly elucidated (Greenman et al., 2007).

Implicated in

Entity name
Adrenocortical carcinoma
Data mining of gene expression revealed positive regulation of genes involved in DNA damage and cell cycle pathways in samples from adrenocortical carcinoma patients, including CDC7, their higher levels were associated with worse overall survival (Subramanian and Cohen, 2019).
Entity name
Bladder cancer
In order to identify candidate genes associated with cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer cells, sensitive and cisplatin-resistant cell lines were used for microarray analysis to determine the differential expression of significant genes in resistance. A total of 18 genes, including CDC7, were significantly upregulated in cisplatin-resistant cell lines (Kim et al., 2016).
Entity name
Breast Cancer
In breast cancer, high CDC7 expression had been reported (Bonte et al., 2008; Zografos et al., 2019), and associated with the development of aggressive disease, including ERBB2 (HER2) overexpression, triple-negative subtypes, accelerated cell cycle progression, disrupted tumor differentiation, genomic instability, increased NPI score, and reduced disease-free survival (Rodriguez-Acebes et al., 2010). Using tissue microarray of a cohort of 2197 highly characterized breast carcinomas, CDC7 expression was found in 1088 samples (57%), of which 228 samples exhibited moderate or strong expression. High CDC7 levels were also related to medullary histotype, high tumor grade, estrogen receptor-negative status, high Ki67 expression; overexpression of TP53 and CDKN2A; and amplification of HER2, MYC, MDM2, CCND1, and ESR1, unfavorable tumor phenotype, and poor prognosis (Choschzick et al., 2010).
In triple negative breast cancer cellular models, the dual CDC7/CDK9 inhibitor (PHA-767491) synergizes with tyrosine kinase inhibitors to overcome resistance to EGFR -targeted therapy (McLaughlin et al., 2019): combined inhibition of EGFR and CDC7/CDK9 reduced cell proliferation accompanied by apoptosis induction, G2/M cell cycle arrest, and DNA replication inhibition.
Due to the rarity of male breast cancer (MBC), serum protein alterations have not been extensively studied. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), a panel of differentially expressed serum proteins were identified, which included the high CDC7 expression in MBC patients (Zografos et al., 2019).
Entity name
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma
Ghatalia et al. (Ghatalia et al., 2016) analyzed the gene expression of kinases paired samples from primary and metastatic tumor tissues and found that CDC7 is more expressed in metastatic tumors. Using the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data, the authors also observed an association between high CDC7 expression and reduced metastasis-free survival (Ghatalia et al., 2016). DISEASE
Entity name
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
Using microarray analysis, CDC7 was found among highly expressed genes in high-grade squamous cervical intraepithelial lesions (Suman and Mishra, 2018).
Entity name
Colorectal cancer
Bonte et al. (Bonte et al., 2008) reported a high CDC7 expression in 8 of out 10 cases of colorectal cancer. In agreement, Chen et al. (Chen et al., 2013) reported a significantly higher CDC7 mRNA and protein expression in samples from 39 colorectal patients compared to their tumor-adjacent normal colorectal tissues. Analysis of 1800 colorectal carcinomas, by immunohistochemistry and tissue microarray, showed that CDC7 was highly expressed. Of note, CDC7 expression was significantly associated with TP53, suggesting that CDC7 may be a potential target in a subset of tumors with high TP53 expression (Melling et al., 2015). In contrast, loss of CDC7 expression was significantly associated with high tumor stage and grade, but was not related to nodal status. In multivariate survival analysis, strong CDC7 expression was an independent marker of improved patient survival (Melling et al., 2015).
Entity name
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
CDC7 is highly expressed in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues, and that CDC7 knockdown inhibits cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and induces apoptosis in ESCC cells. In addition, downregulation of CDC7 also partially enhances the chemosensitivity of ESCC cells to cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil, indicating that CDC7 may serve as a potential therapeutic target in ESCC (Cao and Lu, 2019).
Entity name
Inhibition of CDC7 by inhibitor PHA-767491 significantly reduced cell viability, proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumorigenesis, and induced apoptosis in glioblastoma models (Erbayraktar et al., 2016; Li et al., 2018). Li et al. (Li et al., 2018) identified that CDC7 expression was enhanced and functionally necessary for proliferation in glioblastomas, and its high expression was associated with poor prognosis.
Entity name
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) that can harbor HPV DNA and it was suggestive that there are biological and clinical differences between HPV positive (HPV +) and negative (HPV -) HNSCC. Slebos et al. (Slebos et al., 2006), comparing gene expression profiles of HPV+ and HPV- tumors, found 91 genes differentially expressed, including high CDC7 expression in HPV+ HNSCC.
Entity name
Hematological neoplasms
Hess and colleagues (Hess et al., 1998) identified the sequence of encoding human gene CDC7 and reported its overexpression in several types of cancers, including hematological neoplasms. Latterly, it was confirmed by Bont et al. (Bonte et al., 2008) in additional leukemia cellular models.
In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), CDC7 was expressed and activated in lymph node biopsies. A similar finding was also observed in an in vitro model that partially recapitulates lymph node proliferation centers of CLL. These data suggested a potential role for CDC7 in the aberrant lymph node microenvironment (Natoni et al., 2011). In addition, high CDC7 expression was associated with poor prognosis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (Hou et al., 2012b; Hou et al., 2011; Krawczyk et al., 2009). In DLBCL cell lines, CDC7 silencing combined with rituximab synergistically increased apoptosis (Hou et al., 2012a).
The dual CDC7/ CDK9 inhibitor, PHA-767491, also induced cell death on a panel of multiple myeloma cell lines and primary patient samples alone or in combination with drugs currently used in the clinics, including the TP53 mutant cells that developed resistance to dexamethasone, melphalan, and doxorubicin. PHA-767491 had the same effect on primary myeloma cells from patients who relapsed with progressive refractory disease. These data suggested that the mechanisms leading to chemoresistance in myeloma may not affect the activity of a dual CDC7/CDK9 inhibitor, thus supporting further evaluation of CDC7 and CDK9 targeting in multiple myeloma (Natoni et al., 2013).
In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the dual CDC7/CDK9 inhibitor, PHA-767491, downregulated MCL1 and sensitized AML cell lines and primary AML blasts to BCL2 inhibitors, ABT-737 and ABT-199 (O Reilly et al., 2018).
Entity name
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Using gene expression data sets, Zhuang et al. (Zhuang et al., 2018) detected that expression of various genes, including CDC7, was increased in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. CDC7 overexpression was correlated with advanced histological grade and/or vascular invasion, and predicted worse overall and disease-free survival in hepatocellular carcinoma patients (Zhuang et al., 2018). It is important to highlight that the CDC7 inhibitor (PHA-767491) had a synergistic antitumor effect with 5-FU, exhibiting stronger cytotoxicity and inducing significant apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines and xenograft models (Li et al., 2015).
Entity name
Lung cancer
In non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and tissue samples, CDC7 expression was highly expressed (Bonte et al., 2008). In agreement, CDC7 was significantly increased in lung adenocarcinoma tissues, as observed by immunohistochemistry and gene expression analysis in lung adenocarcinoma (Cao, 2019). In another study, high CDC7 expression significantly correlates with TP53 mutational status and predicts poor clinical outcomes in lung adenocarcinoma patients. In an experimental lung cancer model, CDC7 was also upregulated by gain-of-function mutant TP53, which induced cell cycle progression and tumorigenesis (Datta et al., 2017).
Entity name
CDC7 gene is located at chromosome 1p22 band, which was identified as a melanoma susceptibility locus with the high frequency of loss of heterozygosity (Walker et al., 2004). In a series of benign and dysplastic nevi, primary cutaneous melanomas and melanoma cutaneous metastasis samples, CDC7 regulatory subunits, DBF4, were found to be upregulated in malignant tissues (Nambiar et al., 2007), which was associated with shorter relapse-free survival. In the same study, DBF4 depletion reduced melanoma cell survival and proliferation (Nambiar et al., 2007). Clarke and colleagues (Clarke et al., 2009), using a tissue microarray containing 40 melanomas, 40 Spitz tumors, and 30 nevi reported that invasive melanomas and atypical Spitz nevi exhibited the highest CDC7 expression.
In order to better understand the transcriptional regulation cell cycle checkpoints in melanocytes and melanoma cell lines, Kaufmann et al. (Kaufmann et al., 2008) analyzed global gene expression patterns upon DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation, and most melanoma cell lines (11 of out 16) showed significant defects in checkpoints, which included reduced expression of TP53 transcriptional targets, and enhanced expression of proliferation-associated genes. Of note, defective melanomas at checkpoint G1 exhibited higher levels of DNA synthesis-related genes, including CDC7 and CKS1B.
Using a VSV-cDNA library and B16 melanoma tumors, CDC7 was identified (among others) as a potential immunogenic antigen for chemotherapy or immunotherapy (Zaidi et al., 2015).
Entity name
Oral squamous cell carcinoma
Evaluating CDC7 protein expression, by immunohistochemistry, in a cohort of 105 oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tumors and 30 benign oral tissues, CDC7 overexpression was found in 91% of tumor cases and 1% benign cases (Cheng et al., 2013). In multivariate analysis, CDC7 was an independent marker for overall survival in a cohort of 80 OSCC patients. In OSCC cell lines, overexpression of CDC7 inhibited genotoxin-induced apoptosis, suggesting that high CDC7 expression increases chemotherapy resistance (Cheng et al., 2013). Yong-Deok and colleagues (Yong-Deok et al., 2015) investigated the expression of inflammation-associated genes in samples from tumor and normal tissue from OSCC patients, in which genetic analysis of functional networks and ontologies identified CDC7 as one of the relevant genes. Pharmacological CDC7 inhibition with XL413 markedly reduced cell viability and proliferation by induction of apoptosis in OSCC cell lines (Jin et al., 2018).
Entity name
In order to screen for key osteosarcoma biomarkers, Liu et al. (Liu et al., 2016) systematically screened mRNA and proteins differently expressed, and CDC7 was found as part of a gene signature for osteosarcoma.
Entity name
Ovarian carcinoma
CDC7 was a strong independent prognostic marker in epithelial ovarian carcinoma and CDC7 targeted inhibition leads to specific tumor cell death. In a cohort of 143 cases of ovarian cancer, increased levels of CDC7 protein were significantly associated with reduced tumor differentiation, advanced clinical stage, genomic instability, and accelerated cell cycle progression (Kulkarni et al., 2009). Moreover, CDC7 predicted disease-free survival, regardless of age, tumor grade and stage. CDC7 downregulation by siRNA in ovarian cancer cells (SKOV-3 and Caov-3) resulted in high levels of apoptosis (Kulkarni et al., 2009).
Entity name
Pancreatic cancer
In a cohort of 73 pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients, including 24 controls, CDC7 was highly expressed in pancreatic adenocarcinoma compared to benign pancreatic tissue, as observed by immunohistochemistry (Huggett et al., 2016). CDC7 depletion using siRNA and PHA-76749, a CDC7 small molecule inhibitor, in pancreatic cancer cellular models (Capan-1 and PANC-1), resulted in marked apoptotic cell death. Using human pancreatic cell lines (Capan-1, BxPC3, and PANC-1), the preclinical efficacy of another CDC7 inhibitor, MSK-777, was reported (induction of cell cycle arrest in G1/S and apoptosis) (Skoura et al., 2013). Taken together, these results indicated that CDC7 is a potential target and may be used as a complementary diagnosis marker to predict responses in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Entity name
Papillary thyroid carcinoma
Fluge et al. (Fluge et al., 2006) studied gene expression profile using cDNA microarray in papillary thyroid carcinoma samples, including 7 clinically aggressive carcinomas, 10 differentiated thyroid papillary carcinomas, and normal thyroid tissues, which were confirmed by RT-PCR, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Patients with aggressive and poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma were specifically characterized by the marked positive regulation of several genes related to cell proliferation, including CDC7 (Fluge et al., 2006).
Entity name
Salivary gland tumor
Jaafari-Ashkavandi et al. (Jaafari-Ashkavandi et al., 2019) reported high CDC7 expression in malignant salivary gland tumors compared to pleomorphic adenomas, and its positive correlation with tumor differentiation in samples from 15 cystic adenoid carcinomas, 12 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, 14 pleomorphic adenomas, and 5 normal salivary glands (total 46 patients and donors).
Entity name
Uterine leiomyosarcoma
Barlin and colleagues (Barlin et al., 2015) compared the molecular profiles of 23 samples of uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS) and 29 samples of normal myometrium (NL) to identify clinically relevant molecular subtypes. Pathway analyses of genes differentially expressed between ULMS and NL samples identified over-representation of cell cycle regulation, DNA repair, and genomic integrity. External validation confirmed differential expression in 31 genes, with 84% overexpressed genes, including CDC7 and other cell cycle regulators (Barlin et al., 2015).


Pubmed IDLast YearTitleAuthors
146255602003Hsk1-Dfp1 is required for heterochromatin-mediated cohesion at centromeres.Bailis JM et al
257482372015Molecular subtypes of uterine leiomyosarcoma and correlation with clinical outcome.Barlin JN et al
187143922008Cdc7-Dbf4 kinase overexpression in multiple cancers and tumor cell lines is correlated with p53 inactivation.Bonte D et al
94720171998The Cdc7 protein kinase is required for origin firing during S phase.Bousset K et al
310023602019miR‑888 regulates cancer progression by targeting multiple targets in lung adenocarcinoma.Cao JX et al
305880312019Targeting CDC7 improves sensitivity to chemotherapy of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Cao JX et al
237169942013Expression of huCdc7 in colorectal cancer.Chen HJ et al
236849292013Increased Cdc7 expression is a marker of oral squamous cell carcinoma and overexpression of Cdc7 contributes to the resistance to DNA-damaging agents.Cheng AN et al
198966972010Overexpression of cell division cycle 7 homolog is associated with gene amplification frequency in breast cancer.Choschzick M et al
192784282009Cdc7 expression in melanomas, Spitz tumors and melanocytic nevi.Clarke LE et al
125355332003An ATR- and Cdc7-dependent DNA damage checkpoint that inhibits initiation of DNA replication.Costanzo V et al
288873202017p53 gain-of-function mutations increase Cdc7-dependent replication initiation.Datta A et al
278910632016Cell division cycle 7-kinase inhibitor PHA-767491 hydrochloride suppresses glioblastoma growth and invasiveness.Erbayraktar Z et al
195551132009Cell division cycle 7 kinase inhibitors: 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridines, synthesis and structure-activity relationships.Ermoli A et al
166764022006Gene expression in poorly differentiated papillary thyroid carcinomas.Fluge Ø et al
275748062016Kinase Gene Expression Profiling of Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Tissue Identifies Potential New Therapeutic Targets.Ghatalia P et al
173448462007Patterns of somatic mutation in human cancer genomes.Greenman C et al
95733481998A human homolog of the yeast CDC7 gene is overexpressed in some tumors and transformed cell lines.Hess GF et al
228063092012Effects of CDC7 gene silencing and Rituximab on apoptosis in diffuse large B cell lymphoma cells.Hou Y et al
269212502016Cdc7 is a potent anti-cancer target in pancreatic cancer due to abrogation of the DNA origin activation checkpoint.Huggett MT et al
311313192019Molecular mechanism and potential target indication of TAK-931, a novel CDC7-selective inhibitor.Iwai K et al
293390282019Overexpression of CDC7 in malignant salivary gland tumors correlates with tumor differentiation.Jaafari-Ashkavandi Z et al
297137602018Cell division cycle 7 is a potential therapeutic target in oral squamous cell carcinoma and is regulated by E2F1.Jin S et al
175978162008Defective cell cycle checkpoint functions in melanoma are associated with altered patterns of gene expression.Kaufmann WK et al
180843242008Cdc7 kinase mediates Claspin phosphorylation in DNA replication checkpoint.Kim JM et al
119807142002Inactivation of Cdc7 kinase in mouse ES cells results in S-phase arrest and p53-dependent cell death.Kim JM et al
145172632003Hypomorphic mutation in an essential cell-cycle kinase causes growth retardation and impaired spermatogenesis.Kim JM et al
146434272003Functions of mammalian Cdc7 kinase in initiation/monitoring of DNA replication and development.Kim JM et al
269667282016Upregulated expression of BCL2, MCM7, and CCNE1 indicate cisplatin-resistance in the set of two human bladder cancer cell lines: T24 cisplatin sensitive and T24R2 cisplatin resistant bladder cancer cell lines.Kim SH et al
225605672012Discovery of XL413, a potent and selective CDC7 inhibitor.Koltun ES et al
193184892009Cdc7 kinase is a predictor of survival and a novel therapeutic target in epithelial ovarian carcinoma.Kulkarni AA et al
318955622020Discovery of a Novel, Highly Potent, and Selective Thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidinone-Based Cdc7 Inhibitor with a Quinuclidine Moiety (TAK-931) as an Orally Active Investigational Antitumor Agent.Kurasawa O et al
205511702010How do Cdc7 and cyclin-dependent kinases trigger the initiation of chromosome replication in eukaryotic cells?Labib K et al
221238272012Dbf4 is direct downstream target of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) and ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR) protein to regulate intra-S-phase checkpoint.Lee AY et al
294137632018CDC7-dependent transcriptional regulation of RAD54L is essential for tumorigenicity and radio-resistance of glioblastoma.Li Q et al
256432582015Dual Inhibition of Cdc7 and Cdk9 by PHA-767491 Suppresses Hepatocarcinoma Synergistically with 5-Fluorouracil.Li W et al
277066182016Identification of key biomarkers involved in osteosarcoma using altered modules.Liu ZZ et al
190132762008Dbf4-dependent CDC7 kinase links DNA replication to the segregation of homologous chromosomes in meiosis I.Matos J et al
242562802013Regulation of chromosome dynamics by Hsk1/Cdc7 kinase.Matsumoto S et al
312623352019A kinase inhibitor screen identifies a dual cdc7/CDK9 inhibitor to sensitise triple-negative breast cancer to EGFR-targeted therapy.McLaughlin RP et al
262088562015Cdc7 overexpression is an independent prognostic marker and a potential therapeutic target in colorectal cancer.Melling N et al
191158452009First Cdc7 kinase inhibitors: pyrrolopyridinones as potent and orally active antitumor agents. 2. Lead discovery.Menichincheri M et al
177681772007Identification and functional characterization of ASK/Dbf4, a novel cell survival gene in cutaneous melanoma with prognostic relevance.Nambiar S et al
242023262013Characterization of a Dual CDC7/CDK9 Inhibitor in Multiple Myeloma Cellular Models.Natoni A et al
217683282011Mechanisms of action of a dual Cdc7/Cdk9 kinase inhibitor against quiescent and proliferating CLL cells.Natoni A et al
303616822018Repression of Mcl-1 expression by the CDC7/CDK9 inhibitor PHA-767491 overcomes bone marrow stroma-mediated drug resistance in AML.O' Reilly E et al
235987222013Cdc7-dependent and -independent phosphorylation of Claspin in the induction of the DNA replication checkpoint.Rainey MD et al
207245972010Targeting DNA replication before it starts: Cdc7 as a therapeutic target in p53-mutant breast cancers.Rodriguez-Acebes S et al
199209122009Drug design with Cdc7 kinase: a potential novel cancer therapy target.Sawa M et al
291342732018O Cdc7 kinase where art thou?Sclafani RA et al
238469332013Preclinical research in treatment of pancreatic cancer.Skoura E et al
164670792006Gene expression differences associated with human papillomavirus status in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.Slebos RJ et al
304133202019Over expression of DNA damage and cell cycle dependent proteins are associated with poor survival in patients with adrenocortical carcinoma.Subramanian C et al
301506542018An interaction network driven approach for identifying biomarkers for progressing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.Suman S et al
186283962008Cdc7-Drf1 kinase links chromosome cohesion to the initiation of DNA replication in Xenopus egg extracts.Takahashi TS et al
170625692007Cdc7 is an active kinase in human cancer cells undergoing replication stress.Tenca P et al
191116652008The role of Dbf4/Drf1-dependent kinase Cdc7 in DNA-damage checkpoint control.Tsuji T et al
152363172004Deletion mapping suggests that the 1p22 melanoma susceptibility gene is a tumor suppressor localized to a 9-Mb interval.Walker GJ et al
242402362013ATR-Chk1-APC/CCdh1-dependent stabilization of Cdc7-ASK (Dbf4) kinase is required for DNA lesion bypass under replication stress.Yamada M et al
254757802015Molecular genetic study of novel biomarkers for early diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma.Yong-Deok K et al
255445992015Mutated BRAF Emerges as a Major Effector of Recurrence in a Murine Melanoma Model After Treatment With Immunomodulatory Agents.Zaidi S et al
303639642018Upregulation of BUB1B, CCNB1, CDC7, CDC20, and MCM3 in Tumor Tissues Predicted Worse Overall Survival and Disease-Free Survival in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients.Zhuang L et al
308503642019Serum Proteomic Signatures of Male Breast Cancer.Zografos E et al

Other Information

Locus ID:

NCBI: 8317
MIM: 603311
HGNC: 1745
Ensembl: ENSG00000097046


dbSNP: 8317
ClinVar: 8317
TCGA: ENSG00000097046


Gene IDTranscript IDUniprot

Expression (GTEx)



PathwaySourceExternal ID
Cell cycleKEGGko04110
Cell cycleKEGGhsa04110
Cell CycleREACTOMER-HSA-1640170
Cell Cycle CheckpointsREACTOMER-HSA-69620
G2/M CheckpointsREACTOMER-HSA-69481
Activation of ATR in response to replication stressREACTOMER-HSA-176187
Cell Cycle, MitoticREACTOMER-HSA-69278
Mitotic G1-G1/S phasesREACTOMER-HSA-453279
G1/S TransitionREACTOMER-HSA-69206
Activation of the pre-replicative complexREACTOMER-HSA-68962
M/G1 TransitionREACTOMER-HSA-68874
DNA Replication Pre-InitiationREACTOMER-HSA-69002
DNA ReplicationREACTOMER-HSA-69306

Protein levels (Protein atlas)

Not detected


Pubmed IDYearTitleCitations
170468322006Phosphorylation of MCM4 by Cdc7 kinase facilitates its interaction with Cdc45 on the chromatin.95
164463602006Identification of Mcm2 phosphorylation sites by S-phase-regulating kinases.86
205489462010A genome-wide association study of optic disc parameters.85
154662072004Cdc7 inhibition reveals a p53-dependent replication checkpoint that is defective in cancer cells.49
187143922008Cdc7-Dbf4 kinase overexpression in multiple cancers and tumor cell lines is correlated with p53 inactivation.43
168648002006CDC7 kinase phosphorylates serine residues adjacent to acidic amino acids in the minichromosome maintenance 2 protein.42
168995102006Essential role of phosphorylation of MCM2 by Cdc7/Dbf4 in the initiation of DNA replication in mammalian cells.42
170625692007Cdc7 is an active kinase in human cancer cells undergoing replication stress.38
196475172009Phosphorylation of Mcm2 by Cdc7 promotes pre-replication complex assembly during cell-cycle re-entry.33
206474752010Targeting cell division cycle 7 kinase: a new approach for cancer therapy.32


Hugo Passos Vicari ; Joao Agostinho Machado-Neto

CDC7 (cell division cycle 7)

Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2020-02-01

Online version: