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t(9;14)(q34;q32) EML1/ABL1

Written2005-07Kim De Keersmaecker, Jean-Loup Huret
Department of Human Genetics, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Leuven, Belgium

(Note : for Links provided by Atlas : click)


ICD-Morpho 9837/3 T lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphoma
Atlas_Id 1399
  t(9;14)(q34;q32) G-banding and FISH - Courtesy Melanie Zenger and Claudia Haferlach.

Clinics and Pathology

Disease T cell acute lymhoblastic leukemia (T-ALL)
Epidemiology only 1 case to date: a 16 yr old female patient
Cytology high leukocytosis with 99% blasts with the phenotype of cortical thymocytes
Prognosis yet unknown; the patient was in complete remission at 15 mths+.


Cytogenetics Morphological cryptic translocation: the karyotype appeared normal
Cytogenetics Molecular FISH with 5¹ ABL1 probe (RP11-57C19) and 3¹ ABL1 probe (RP11-83J21) resulted in a split signal
  FISH with 5 ABL1 (green signal) and 3 ABL1 (red signal) probes on metaphase cells of the T-ALL patient with the cryptic t(9;14)(q34;q32). The translocation causes separation of the 2 probes with the 5 ABL1 probe hybridizing to der(9) and the 3 ABL1 probe hybridizing to der(14) - Kim De Keersmaecker.
Additional anomalies Patient had also hemizygous deletion of CDKN2A and ectopic expression of TLX1

Genes involved and Proteins

Gene NameABL1 (v-abl Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1)
Location 9q34.12
Protein tyrosine kinase
Gene NameEML1 (echinoderm microtubule associated protein like 1)
Location 14q32.2
Note gene was mapped within Usher syndrome type 1a locus
Protein protein is very similar to the echinoderm microtubule-associated protein

Result of the chromosomal anomaly

Hybrid gene
Description 5' EML1 - 3' ABL1, in frame fusion between exon 17 of EML1 and exon 2 of ABL1
Detection RT-PCR using the primers 5¹- cactcactgggaggtggttt and 5¹- acaccattccccattgtgattat
Fusion Protein
  Schematic representation of EML1 and ABL1 proteins. The EML1-ABL1 fusion protein generated after t(9;14)(q34;q32) is represented beneath. The sequence of the in-frame fusion between exon 17 of EML1 and exon 2 of ABL1 is indicated at the bottom, translation of the nucleotide sequence is shown beneath - Kim De Keersmaecker.
Description 190 kDa NH2 EML1 - COOH ABL1 fusion protein, contains the coiled-coil domain of EML1 and the kinase domain of ABL1.
Oncogenesis Constitutive EML1-ABL1 tyrosine kinase activity causing deregulation of cellular survival and proliferation pathways

To be noted

Additional cases are needed to delineate the epidemiology of this rare entity:
you are welcome to submit a paper to our new Case Report section.


Fusion of EML1 to ABL1 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia with cryptic t(9;14)(q34;q32).
De Keersmaecker K, Graux C, Odero MD, Mentens N, Somers R, Maertens J, Wlodarska I, Vandenberghe P, Hagemeijer A, Marynen P, Cools J
Blood. 2005 ; 105 (12) : 4849-4852.
PMID 15713800


This paper should be referenced as such :
De Keersmaecker, K ; Huret, JL
Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2005;9(4):328-330.
Free journal version : [ pdf ]   [ DOI ]
On line version :

Translocations implicated (Data extracted from papers in the Atlas)

 t(9;14)(q34;q32) EML1/ABL1

External links

EML1 (14q32.2) ABL1 (9q34.12)

EML1 (14q32.2) ABL1 (9q34.12)

EML1 (14q32.2) ABL1 (9q34.12)

Mitelman databaset(9;14)(q34;q32)
arrayMap (UZH-SIB Zurich)Topo ( C42) Morph ( 9837/3) -   [auto + random 100 samples .. if exist ]   [tabulated segments]
Mitelman databaseEML1/ABL1 [MCList]  EML1 (14q32.2) ABL1 (9q34.12)
Mitelman databaseEML1/ABL1 [MCList]  EML1 (14q32.2) ABL1 (9q34.12)
TICdbEML1/ABL1  EML1 (14q32.2) ABL1 (9q34.12)
REVIEW articlesautomatic search in PubMed
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