del(11)(p12p13) LMO2

2007-07-01   Jules PP Meijerink , Pieter Van Vlierberghe 

1.ErasmusMC/Sophia Children Hospital, Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Clinics and Pathology

Epidemiology

About 5% of T-ALL patients.

Prognosis

Currenlty, no relation between the cryptic deletion, del(11)(p12p13), and prognosis could be established. This could be due to the limited patient numbers in the study.

Note

The cryptic deletion, del(11)(p12p13) was identified using microarray-based comparative genome hybridisation (array-CGH). The deleted region is about 3 Mb in size and the telomeric breakpoint of these deletions is situated in or near the LMO2 oncogene. Variances in the centromeric breakpoints is detected.

Genes Involved and Proteins

Gene name
LMO2 (LIM domain only 2 (rhombotin-like 1))
Location
11p13
Protein description
LMO2 encodes a protein that participates in the transcription factor complex, which includes E2A, TAL1, GATA1, and LDB1 in erythroid cells. Within this transcription complex, LMO2 mediates the protein-protein interactions by recruiting LDB1, whereas TAL1, GATA1, and E2A regulate the binding to specific DNA target sites. This complex regulates the expression of several genes in various cellular backgrounds including C-KIT, EKLF, and RALDH. In normal T-cell development, LMO2 is expressed in immature CD4/CD8 double-negative thymocytes, and is down-regulated during T-cell maturation.

Result of the Chromosomal Anomaly

Note

Ectopic expression of the LMO2 oncogene due to the removal of a negative regulatory element situated upstream of the LMO2 gene, leading to activation of the proximal LMO2 promoter.
In one T-ALL case, this recurrent deletion resulted in a RAG2-LMO2 fusion gene, bringing the LMO2 gene under the control of RAG2 promoter sequences. However, it was shown that promoter substitution was not the main activational mechanism as none of the other del(11)(p12p13) positive cases showed a similar RAG2-LMO2 fusion gene. In addition, RQ-PCR analysis revealed that the expression of the RAG2-LMO2 fusion is much lower than the wildtype LMO2 expression from the proximal LMO2 gene promoter.

Bibliography

Pubmed IDLast YearTitleAuthors
168736702006The cryptic chromosomal deletion del(11)(p12p13) as a new activation mechanism of LMO2 in pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.Van Vlierberghe P et al

Citation

Jules PP Meijerink ; Pieter Van Vlierberghe

del(11)(p12p13) LMO2

Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2007-07-01

Online version: http://atlasgeneticsoncology.org/haematological/1351/del(11)(p12p13)-lmo2

External Links