Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology


Home   Genes   Leukemias   Solid Tumors   Cancer-Prone   Deep Insight   Case Reports   Journals  Portal   Teaching   

X Y 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 NA

Soft Tissues: Desmoid-type fibromatosis

Written2013-02Julia A Ross, Xuchen Zhang
Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA (JAR); Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, VA Connecticut Health System, New Haven, CT 06520, USA (XZ)

(Note : for Links provided by Atlas : click)

Identity

ICD-Topo C470-C476,C478-C479,C490-C496,C498-C499 CONNECTIVE & SOFT TISSUE
ICD-Morpho 8821/1 Desmoid-type fibromatoses
Atlas_Id 5179
Phylum Soft Tissues::Desmoid-type fibromatosis
Other namesDesmoid tumor
Desmoid
Aggressive fibromatosis
Deep musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis
Well differentiated nonmetastasizing fibrosarcoma
Invasive fibroma of Lec'ene and Delamare
Fibrosarcoma grade I of the desmoid type
Note Desmoid-type fibromatoses are defined by the World Health Organization as 'clonal fibroblastic proliferations that arise in the deep soft tissues and are characterized by infiltrative growth and a tendency toward local recurrence but an inability to metastasize (Fletcher et al., 2002)'. This entity was first described in the 1800's by MacFarlane (Hosalkar et al., 2008). Muller later used the term desmoid, derived from the Greek word 'desmos', meaning tendon-like (Pakos et al., 2005) to refer to this lesion.

Classification

    Fibromatoses may be classified as superficial or deep type based on location. Although superficial and deep fibromatoses share similiar histologic morphology of a fibroblastic proliferation, superficial-type fibromatoses occur at palmar, plantar, or penile locations as opposed to deep-seated, visceral and extra-abdominal axial locations (i.e. chest or abdominal wall) of the deep-type or desmoid-type. Additionally, superficial-type fibromatoses have different epidemiologic and molecular characteristics. For instance, superficial-type fibromatoses are more frequent than desmoid-type, and tend to occur more frequently in males. Superficial-type fibromatoses are less aggressive than desmoid-type fibromatoses (DTF). This may relate to a varied molecular biology underlying these two types. Although both types involve aberrances of the Wnt signaling pathway, the superficial-type generally lacks the β-catenin and APC gene mutations associated with DTF (Dolmans et al., 2011; Montgomery et al., 2001).
DTF can be further classified based on the site of involvement into extra-abdominal, abdominal, and intra-abdominal fibromatoses. Extra-abdominal fibromatoses more commonly occur on the chest, shoulder, back, thigh and head and neck. Abdominal fibromatoses arise typically from the rectus or internal oblique muscles and fascia in young pregnant or parous women. Intra-abdominal fibromatoses involve the mesentery or pelvis, and may be sporadic or associated with Gardner syndrome.
The majority of DTF arise sporadically, however others may be associated with germline mutations acquired in an autosomal dominant manner, such as Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) syndrome. FAP, which is caused by mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene on chromosome 5, predispose patients to development of colorectal polyps that often progress to carcinoma. A variant of FAP, called Gardner syndrome is associated with extraintestinal manifestations such as DTF, as well as osteomas and epidermal cysts. Approximately 10% of these patients are affected by DTF (Gurbuz et al., 1994; Nieuwenhuis et al., 2011). Gardner fibromas are benign soft tissue lesions that are histologically similar to DTF, and represent precursor lesions (Coffin et al., 2007). They occur in infants and children, and 45% of patients with Gardner fibroma develop DTF. Thus, identification of Gardner fibromas in children is important as it may be the first indication that the patient has an underlying APC gene germline mutation. Close monitoring for extraintestinal manifestations of Gardner syndrome and colorectal carcinoma are then warranted (Fletcher et al., 2002). Other described hereditary syndromes include the autosomal dominant inheritance of hereditary desmoid disease (HDD), also known as familial infiltrative fibromatosis, in which the literature describes various family presentations related to APC gene mutations (Couture et al., 2000; Maher et al., 1992; Scott et al., 1996). For example, Eccles et al. described a family with a 3' APC gene mutation (codon 1924) with somatic loss of wild-type APC where affected individuals exhibit multifocal desmoid tumors in conventional locations, as well as in the paraspinal muscles, arms, occiput, and breast. Interestingly, the FAP-associated colonic features were absent (Eccles et al., 1996). This family was later described to have an attentuated FAP syndrome.

Clinics and Pathology

Disease Desmoid-type fibromatosis
Phenotype / cell stem origin Studies have shown that DTF are composed of spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells that express the intermediate filament vimentin but lack expression of epithelial markers. The location, cellular morphology, and immunoprofile of these tumors suggest that they derive from mesenchymal sources. However, the exact cell origin of DTF is unclear yet. Recent evidence demonstrates that DTF are derived at a cellular level from mesenchymal stem (progenitor) cells. In a mouse model that was genetically predisposed to develop DTF, the number of tumors formed was proportional to the number of mesenchymal stem cells (Wu et al., 2010). Another study showed that interferon type-1 is involved in the tumorigenesis of DTF potentially through modulating mesenchymal progenitors (Tjandra et al., 2007).
Etiology The etiology of DTF is multifactorial, including genetics, hormones, antecedent trauma and other risk factors. Mutations in both β-catenin and APC genes have been implicated in the pathogenesis of DTF. The association of DTF in patients with the FAP variant Gardner syndrome also suggests a genetic predisposition. Additionally, given the relationship of abdominal and intra-abdominal DTF in young women, high estrogren states were suspected to contribute to DTF pathogenesis. Studies examining expression of estrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ), progesterone receptor (PR), and androgen receptor (AR) in DTF found that the majority express ERβ but not ERα (Deyrup et al., 2006; Mignemi et al., 2012; Santos et al., 2010), although some DTF express ERα (Ishizuka et al., 2006). PR expression was varied with one study showing expression (Ishizuka et al., 2006) and others demonstrating lack of expression (Leithner et al., 2005; Mignemi et al., 2012; Santos et al., 2010). AR expression was detected in DTF (Hong et al., 2011; Ishizuka et al., 2006; Mignemi et al., 2012) and testosterone was found to have the ability to regulate beta-catenin protein level and proliferation rate in DTF (Hong et al., 2011). Given the expression of hormone receptors in DTF, antihormonal therapies seem like reasonal targets. Interestingly, tamoxifen, which binds ERα, has shown clinical promise despite the lack of ERα expression in most DTF studies. Also, trauma has been suggested as a risk factor, for example, status-post surgical procedures. Women status-post Cesarean section have been described to develop DTF in their surgical scars (De Cian et al., 1999; Li et al., 2012). Additionally, FAP patients status-post prophylactic colectomy develop DTF at surgical sites (Nieuwenhuis et al., 2011).
Epidemiology Desmoid-type fibromatoses are rare, accounting for less than 0.03% of all neoplasms, and less than 3% of soft tissue neoplasms (Escobar et al., 2012; Reitamo et al., 1982). Incidence of DTF is estimated at 2-4 per million per year. They occur more frequently between 15-60 years of age, and are rare in children and the elderly. The abdominal type has a predilection for women, while the other types (extra-abdominal and intra-abdominal) have no sex predilection.
Clinics The clinical presentation is variable depending on location and extent of the lesion. Patients with intra-abdominal DTF, particularly mesenteric lesions, may complain of some mild abdominal pain or simply an asymptomatic abdominal mass. Less frequently, these patients may present acutely with bowel perforation, obstruction, or gastrointestinal bleeding as a result of local desmoid tumor invasion. In a young woman with a pelvic mass, care must be taken clinically to distinguish between a DTF and gynecologic lesions such as an ovarian neoplasm or uterine leiomyoma/leiomyosarcoma. Patients with extra-abdominal DTF may complain of a slow-growing, deep-seated, firm, painless or minimally painful mass. Alternatively, depending on lesion location, patients may complain of neurologic symptoms or even decreased mobility if joints are involved. The clinical behavior of DTF is varied, with some lesions spontaneously regressing.
Pathology Grossly, DTF are firm and display a white, whorled cut surface which may be poorly circumscribed. Microscopically, the lesion is a proliferation of bland appearing spindle-shaped fibroblasts in a collagenous stroma with infiltrative borders (Figures A, B and C). Mitoses are rare and no atypia is seen. Keloid-like collagen or extensive hyalinization may be present. DTF, especially those arising in the mesentery and pelvis, may show extensive myxoid change or may have fasciitis-like morphology.
DTF stain positive for vimentin and variably positive for smooth muscle actin or other muscle-specific markers by immunohistochemistry. Rare cells may also be positive for S100 protein. Nuclear staining for β-catenin by immunohistochemistry (Figure D) is positive in at least 80% of sporadic DTF, with some studies demonstrating 98% nuclear staining (Carlson and Fletcher, 2007; Lazar et al., 2008). Therefore, β-catenin is extremely useful in distinguishing DTF from other spindle cell neoplasms.
The differential diagnosis of DTF is broad, encompassing both benign and malignant entities. For example, extra-abdominal DTF are sometimes histologically similar to keloids and nodular fasciitis (both benign processes) as well as low-grade fibromyxoid sarcomas (which appear benign-looking but have the ability to metastasize). Intra-abdominal DTF are most commonly misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) (Huss et al., 2013). However, the presence of nuclear β-catenin supports a diagnosis of DTF, although a minority of GIST may demonstrate some nuclear β-catenin positivity. Additional stains may be used to distinguish between DTF and GIST, such as c-kit and DOG-1 (Discovered On GIST-1). c-kit and DOG-1 are positive in GIST, but negative in DTF though an infiltrate of mast cells within DTF can result in positive c-kit staining. Other differential diagnoses for intra-abdominal DTF may include low-grade dedifferentiated liposarcoma, solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, and idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (Ormond's disease). Low-grade sarcomas, such as a low-grade dedifferentiated liposarcoma with minimal atypia, should be considered, as it has a similar infiltrative growth pattern. MDM2 immunohistochemistry or Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) study may be helpful to distinguish. Solitary fibrous tumors lack the fascicular pattern of DTF and classically have staghorn vessels. However, if presented with a small biopsy, it may be difficult to distinguish, but SFT will positively stain for CD34, CD99, and Bcl-2 whereas DTF will not. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor usually is more cellular, has less collagen and an inflammatory infiltrate consisting of plasma cells, lymphocytes, and eosinophils. Half of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor cases have an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement and will thus express ALK, while DTF will not. Histologically, idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis, recently categorized as one of the IgG4-related diseases (Deshpande, 2012; Fujimori et al., 2013), may look similar to DTF but the hyalinized collagen is more prominent, and typically a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate is present. DTF may occasionally have a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, however retroperitoneal fibrosis will not stain for β-catenin.
 
Desmoid-type fibromatoses. Figure A (lower power) and B (higher power): Bland spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells arranged in ill-defined fascicles. Figure C: The tumor invading adjacent skeletal muscle and adipose tissue with infiltrating border. Figure D: Immunohistochemistry showing positive nuclear β-catenin staining.
Treatment The clinical course of DTF is variable with some lesions spontaneously regressing and others rapidly progressing locally with the potential to obstruct vital structures. Given this unpredictable clinical course, treatment should be individualized and may use multiple modalities. Historically, the mainstay of treatment has been surgery with the goal of negative margins in a patient amenable to resection. However, DTF often recur after resection, even when negative margins have been obtained (Melis et al., 2008). Current guidelines proposed by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) recommend observation alone initially for patients with small tumors, especially if surgery would lead to significant morbidity (von Mehren et al., 2012). A retrospective study by Fiore et al. supports this assessment as they found that a watchful waiting approach benefited half of their patients with DTF (Fiore et al., 2009). Radiation has been used both pre- and post-surgical resection. Results regarding use of neoadjuvant radiotherapy are still not well-established as large trials are limited. Patients with positive margins status post-surgical resection have typically received radiation therapy, however there is no consensus to this approach. Some large trials fail to show benefit from post-surgical radiation therapy (Nuyttens et al., 2000; Spear et al., 1998). The NCCN recommends post-operative radiation for large DTF, however this is not clearly defined. Clinicians must also be aware that radiation therapy may result in secondary malignancies and should be administered with caution.
Systemic medical therapy is an additional option which includes the use of hormonal therapy, non-steroidal antiinflammatory agents, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, interferon, and cytotoxic chemotherapy, however prospective data on the success of such treatment are lacking. For instance, given the expression of hormone receptors in DFT, antihormonal therapies (tamoxifen, toremifene, raloxifene, progesterone, megestrol, tesolactone) have been effective in case reports and small series. Antiestrogens have been described to have a response rate of roughly 50% (Bocale et al., 2011). Few large-scale studies have examined the role of other hormonal therapies but success in case reports are promising.
DTF pathogenesis involves Wnt signaling pathway abnormalities triggering COX-2-mediated activation of Platelet derived growth factor receptor-alpha (PDGFRA) and platelet derived growth factor receptor-beta (PDGFRB). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit COX-2 and thus may benefit affected patients. NSAIDs such as sulindac and indomethacin have been reported to have partial and complete responses at rates of 37%-57% (Escobar et al., 2012). Although expression data of the receptor tyrosine kinases (c-kit, PDGFRA, PDGFRB) are conflicting, patients with DTF were reported to respond to the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib or sorafenib. A large phase II trial testing imatinib in patients with progressive and recurrent DTF demonstrated complete and partial responses, and a 67% nonprogression rate (Penel et al., 2011). Similarly, a sorafenib study showed stable disease in 70% of patients, and partial response in another 25% (Gounder et al., 2011).
Data examining the success of interferon are limited, but individual case reports have been published (Stengel et al., 2008). Moreover, despite the often slow growth of DTF, chemotherapy has shown success. A recent study showed that chemotherapy (largely combination chemotherapy) in patients resistant to many other treatments showed approximately 80% response (complete response in 2%, partial response in 20%, and stable free progression in 60%) (Garbay et al., 2012).
Prognosis DTF are locally invasive, but non-metastatic. Local DTF recurrence rates after initial management range from 20-40% (Ballo et al., 1999; Huang et al., 2009; Lev et al., 2007; Nuyttens et al., 2000). Current research is focused on identifying prognostic indicators. In one of the largest retrospective reviews to evaluate prognosis in patients with sporadic DTF, Salas et al. identified age (< 37 years-old), large size of the tumor (> 7 cm), and extra-abdominal location as being associated with poor prognosis (Salas et al., 2011). This study focused on sporadic DTF, and excluded examination of DTF from Gardner syndrome patients to retain a homogenous population.
Further work aimed at identifying molecular prognostic indicators has been reported. For example, Lazar et al. specifically examined CTNNB1 point mutations (T41A, S45F, S45P) associated with sporadic DTF and found that S45F mutations were associated with an increased tendency of recurrence after initial resection. With this knowledge, patients with S45F mutations might be managed differently. Future genotyping to determine specific CTNNB1 mutations may prove quite useful in diagnosis and management of patients with DTF (Lazar et al., 2008). Recently, overexpressed genes in DTF have been identified by gene expression profiling. Colombo et al. examined a subset of genes which contain TCF/LEF binding promoter motifs likely representing direct targets of transcriptional activation by β-catenin/TCF. The group narrowed their search to include the midkine gene. Midkine expression was present in roughly half of the DTF samples examined. In addition, they correlated midkine protein expression with DTF recurrence and found that it was associated with increased local recurrence, as well as a shorter time to recurrence (Colombo et al., 2011).

Genetics

Note Eighty-five percent of DTF result from sporadic point mutations in the CTNNB1 gene which encodes β-catenin (Lazar et al., 2008). Point mutations of CTNNB1 (such as T41A, S45F, S45P) lead to mutated β-catenin that is resistant to degradation by a complex comprised of APC, axin, and glycogen synthase kinase-3β. As a result, β-catenin accumulates in the cytoplasm, translocates to the nucleus, and aids in activation of Wnt signaling pathway target genes involved in tumorigenesis (Akiyama, 2000).
Both sporadic and germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene APC have also been described in DTF (Lips et al., 2009). As described above, APC forms part of a complex which targets β-catenin for degradation. When APC is mutated, this complex does not form properly leading to β-catenin accumulation and thus increased transcription of Wnt signaling pathway target genes. Germline mutations of APC are associated with FAP, an autosomal dominant condition characterized by thousands of colonic polyps which can progress to colon cancer. The occurrence of DTF in FAP patients is roughly 10% (Gurbuz et al., 1994; Nieuwenhuis et al., 2011). These patients are at increased risk for DTF as 1 APC allele is already mutated and if a sporadic APC mutation occurs, they become susceptible to the development of DTF. APC mutations have frequently been found in sporadic cases as well, with more than 400 mutations identified, 95% of which result in a truncated APC protein. APC is a large protein with most DTF-causing mutations occurring between codons 1445-1578 (of 2843 total codons). Reports of severe desmoid phenotypes such as those associated with HDD result from APC truncation at the 3' end beyond codon 1578 (Lips et al., 2009).
Numerous studies have attempted to elucidate the molecular pathogenesis and to investigate the possible therapeutic targets of DTF in recent years, besides the studies on the above-mentioned APC/β-catenin/Wnt signaling pathway(s). Cyclooxygenase (COX-2), a target of Wnt signaling, has been described in the setting of multiple tumorigenesis models as activation results in apoptosis inhibition, angiogenesis stimulation, and an increase in various growth factors. In DTF, β-catenin interacts with T-cell factor (TCF) to enhance COX-2 expression. COX-2 in turn leads to constitutive coactivation of platelet derived growth factor receptors (Signoroni et al., 2007). PDGFRA and PDGFRB along with c-kit belong to a class of receptor tyrosine kinases which can be selectively targeted by tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as imatinib or sorafenib. Selectively targeting PDGFRs with imatinib or sorafenib as has been demonstrated in treatment of GIST (Casali et al., 2012) or COX-2 with NSAIDs have shown effectiveness in treating DTF as mentioned in the Treatment section. Despite the intuition that COX-2 and tyrosine kinase inhibitors would benefit DTF patients, expression studies of PDGFRA, PDGFRB, and c-kit in DTF are conflicting. Some studies show expression of both PDGFRA and PDGFRB (Mace et al., 2002; Signoroni et al., 2007), while others show only PDGFRA expression (Liegl et al., 2006) or PDGFRB expression (Cates et al., 2012). Similarly, some studies demonstrate c-kit expression in DTF (Mace et al., 2002) while others do not (Santos et al., 2010; Signoroni et al., 2007). There are multiple explanations for these findings such as heterogenity among DTF, as well as different methodologies for determining expression, including use of different antibodies (Miettinen, 2001) or use of tissue from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue versus fresh tissue. It should be noted that patients with DTF demonstrating c-kit exon 10 variants (M541L and V530I) responsive to imatinib have been reported, however, sample size is small and evidence that these specific mutations result in c-kit activation is limited. Moreover, the M541L variant has been described as a polymorphism (Dufresne et al., 2010; Goncalves et al., 2006; Kurtz et al., 2012; Tamborini et al., 2006).

Cytogenetics

Note Trisomy 8 and trisomy 20, as well as loss of 5q (location of APC gene) have been associated with desmoid-type fibromatosis (Bridge et al., 1996; De Wever et al., 2000; Qi et al., 1996). More recently, Salas et al. used array comparative genomic hybridization to confirm and further characterize chromosomal anomalies associated with DTF (Salas et al., 2010). However, the majority of these studies examined sporadic DTF rather than FAP-associated DTF. Robanus-Maandag et al. also used array comparative genomic hybridization together with multiple-ligation dependent probe amplification to compare chromosomal aberrations between sporadic and FAP-associated desmoid tumors. The authors found that overall, DTF had a limited number of genetic changes. Gains at 8q and 20q were found more commonly in sporadic DTF while 5q losses were commonly identified in FAP-associated DTF. Interestingly, loss of a region of 6q was associated with both sporadic and FAP-associated DTF (Robanus-Maandag et al., 2011). Future studies of this region may reveal insights into DTF pathogenesis.

Bibliography

Wnt/beta-catenin signaling.
Akiyama T.
Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2000 Dec;11(4):273-82. (REVIEW)
PMID 10959075
 
Desmoid tumor: prognostic factors and outcome after surgery, radiation therapy, or combined surgery and radiation therapy.
Ballo MT, Zagars GK, Pollack A, Pisters PW, Pollack RA.
J Clin Oncol. 1999 Jan;17(1):158-67.
PMID 10458229
 
Anti-oestrogen therapy in the treatment of desmoid tumours: a systematic review.
Bocale D, Rotelli MT, Cavallini A, Altomare DF.
Colorectal Dis. 2011 Dec;13(12):e388-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2011.02758.x. (REVIEW)
PMID 21831172
 
Deletion 5q in desmoid tumor and fluorescence in situ hybridization for chromosome 8 and/or 20 copy number.
Bridge JA, Meloni AM, Neff JR, Deboer J, Pickering D, Dalence C, Jeffrey B, Sandberg AA.
Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1996 Dec;92(2):150-1.
PMID 8976374
 
Immunohistochemistry for beta-catenin in the differential diagnosis of spindle cell lesions: analysis of a series and review of the literature.
Carlson JW, Fletcher CD.
Histopathology. 2007 Oct;51(4):509-14. Epub 2007 Aug 17. (REVIEW)
PMID 17711447
 
Adjuvant therapy of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST).
Casali PG, Fumagalli E, Gronchi A.
Curr Treat Options Oncol. 2012 Sep;13(3):277-84. doi: 10.1007/s11864-012-0198-0. (REVIEW)
PMID 22743760
 
Signal transduction pathway analysis in fibromatosis: receptor and nonreceptor tyrosine kinases.
Cates JM, Black JO, Itani DM, Fasig JH, Keedy VL, Hande KR, Whited BW, Homlar KC, Halpern JL, Holt GE, Schwartz HS, Coffin CM.
Hum Pathol. 2012 Oct;43(10):1711-8. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2011.12.021. Epub 2012 Apr 18.
PMID 22520949
 
Gardner fibroma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of 45 patients with 57 fibromas.
Coffin CM, Hornick JL, Zhou H, Fletcher CD.
Am J Surg Pathol. 2007 Mar;31(3):410-6.
PMID 17325483
 
Increased midkine expression correlates with desmoid tumour recurrence: a potential biomarker and therapeutic target.
Colombo C, Creighton CJ, Ghadimi MP, Bolshakov S, Warneke CL, Zhang Y, Lusby K, Zhu S, ╠azar`AJ. West RB, van de Rijn M, Lev D.
J Pathol. 2011 Dec;225(4):574-82. doi: 10.1002/path.2951. Epub 2011 Aug 8.
PMID 21826666
 
A germline mutation at the extreme 3' end of the APC gene results in a severe desmoid phenotype and is associated with overexpression of beta-catenin in the desmoid tumor.
Couture J, Mitri A, Lagace R, Smits R, Berk T, Bouchard HL, Fodde R, Alman B, Bapat B.
Clin Genet. 2000 Mar;57(3):205-12.
PMID 10782927
 
Desmoid tumor arising in a cesarean section scar during pregnancy: monitoring and management.
De Cian F, Delay E, Rudigoz RC, Ranchere D, Rivoire M.
Gynecol Oncol. 1999 Oct;75(1):145-8.
PMID 10502442
 
Cytogenetic, clinical, and morphologic correlations in 78 cases of fibromatosis: a report from the CHAMP Study Group. CHromosomes And Morphology.
De Wever I, Dal Cin P, Fletcher CD, Mandahl N, Mertens F, Mitelman F, Rosai J, Rydholm A, Sciot R, Tallini G, Van Den Berghe H, Vanni R, Willen H.
Mod Pathol. 2000 Oct;13(10):1080-5.
PMID 11048801
 
The pathology of IgG4-related disease: critical issues and challenges.
Deshpande V.
Semin Diagn Pathol. 2012 Nov;29(4):191-6. doi: 10.1053/j.semdp.2012.08.001. (REVIEW)
PMID 23068297
 
Estrogen receptor-beta expression in extraabdominal fibromatoses: an analysis of 40 cases.
Deyrup AT, Tretiakova M, Montag AG.
Cancer. 2006 Jan 1;106(1):208-13.
PMID 16333857
 
Wnt signaling and Dupuytren's disease.
Dolmans GH, Werker PM, Hennies HC, Furniss D, Festen EA, Franke L, Becker K, van der Vlies P, Wolffenbuttel BH, Tinschert S, Toliat MR, Nothnagel M, Franke A, Klopp N, Wichmann HE, Nurnberg P, Giele H, Ophoff RA, Wijmenga C; Dutch Dupuytren Study Group; German Dupuytren Study Group; LifeLines Cohort Study; BSSH-GODD Consortium.
N Engl J Med. 2011 Jul 28;365(4):307-17. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1101029. Epub 2011 Jul 6.
PMID 21732829
 
Identification of biological factors predictive of response to imatinib mesylate in aggressive fibromatosis.
Dufresne A, Bertucci F, Penel N, Le Cesne A, Bui B, Tubiana-Hulin M, Ray-Coquard I, Cupissol D, Chevreau C, Perol D, Goncalves A, Jimenez M, Bringuier PP, Blay JY.
Br J Cancer. 2010 Aug 10;103(4):482-5. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6605783. Epub 2010 Jul 27.
PMID 20664593
 
Hereditary desmoid disease due to a frameshift mutation at codon 1924 of the APC gene.
Eccles DM, van der Luijt R, Breukel C, Bullman H, Bunyan D, Fisher A, Barber J, du Boulay C, Primrose J, Burn J, Fodde R.
Am J Hum Genet. 1996 Dec;59(6):1193-201.
PMID 8940264
 
Update on desmoid tumors.
Escobar C, Munker R, Thomas JO, Li BD, Burton GV.
Ann Oncol. 2012 Mar;23(3):562-9. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdr386. Epub 2011 Aug 22. (REVIEW)
PMID 21859899
 <+TD><-TB>
Desmoid-type fibromatosis: a front-line conservative approach to select patients for surgical treatment.
Fiore M, Rimareix F, Mariani L, Domont J, Collini P, Le Pechoux C, Casali PG, Le Cesne A, Gronchi A, Bonvalot S.
Ann Surg Oncol. 2009 Sep;16(9):2587-93. doi: 10.1245/s10434-009-0586-2. Epub 2009 Jul 1.
PMID 19568815
 
Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone.
Fletcher CDM, Unni KK, Mertens F.
World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. Lyon, France: IARC Press;2002:83-4.
 
Retroperitoneal fibrosis associated with immunoglobulin G4-related disease.
Fujimori N, Ito T, Igarashi H, Oono T, Nakamura T, Niina Y, Hijioka M, Lee L, Uchida M, Takayanagi R.
World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Jan 7;19(1):35-41. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i1.35.
PMID 23326160
 
Chemotherapy in patients with desmoid tumors: a study from the French Sarcoma Group (FSG).
Garbay D, Le Cesne A, Penel N, Chevreau C, Marec-Berard P, Blay JY, Debled M, Isambert N, Thyss A, Bompas E, Collard O, Salas S, Coindre JM, Bui B, Italiano A.
Ann Oncol. 2012 Jan;23(1):182-6. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdr051. Epub 2011 Mar 28.
PMID 21444357
 
Response of a KIT-positive extra-abdominal fibromatosis to imatinib mesylate and KIT genetic analysis.
Goncalves A, Monges G, Yang Y, Palmerini F, Dubreuil P, Noguchi T, Jacquemier J, Di Stefano D, Delpero JR, Sobol H, Bertucci F.
J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006 Apr 19;98(8):562-3.
PMID 16622127
 
Activity of Sorafenib against desmoid tumor/deep fibromatosis.
Gounder MM, Lefkowitz RA, Keohan ML, D'Adamo DR, Hameed M, Antonescu CR, Singer S, Stout K, Ahn L, Maki RG.
Clin Cancer Res. 2011 Jun 15;17(12):4082-90. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-10-3322. Epub 2011 Mar 29.
PMID 21447727
 
Desmoid tumours in familial adenomatous polyposis.
Gurbuz AK, Giardiello FM, Petersen GM, Krush AJ, Offerhaus GJ, Booker SV, Kerr MC, Hamilton SR.
Gut. 1994 Mar;35(3):377-81.
PMID 8150351
 
Testosterone regulates cell proliferation in aggressive fibromatosis (desmoid tumour).
Hong H, Nadesan P, Poon R, Alman BA.
Br J Cancer. 2011 Apr 26;104(9):1452-8. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2011.107. Epub 2011 Apr 5.
PMID 21468052
 
Musculoskeletal desmoid tumors.
Hosalkar HS, Torbert JT, Fox EJ, Delaney TF, Aboulafia AJ, Lackman RD.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2008 Apr;16(4):188-98. (REVIEW)
PMID 18390481
 
Prognostic factors for extra-abdominal and abdominal wall desmoids: a 20-year experience at a single institution.
Huang K, Fu H, Shi YQ, Zhou Y, Du CY.
J Surg Oncol. 2009 Dec 1;100(7):563-9. doi: 10.1002/jso.21384.
PMID 19722232
 
beta-catenin (CTNNB1) mutations and clinicopathological features of mesenteric desmoid-type fibromatosis.
Huss S, Nehles J, Binot E, Wardelmann E, Mittler J, Kleine MA, Kunstlinger H, Hartmann W, Hohenberger P, Merkelbach-Bruse S, Buettner R, Schildhaus HU.
Histopathology. 2013 Jan;62(2):294-304. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2012.04355.x. Epub 2012 Sep 28.
PMID 23020601
 
Expression profiles of sex steroid receptors in desmoid tumors.
Ishizuka M, Hatori M, Dohi O, Suzuki T, Miki Y, Tazawa C, Sasano H, Kokubun S.
Tohoku J Exp Med. 2006 Nov;210(3):189-98.
PMID 17077595
 
A V530I Mutation in c-KIT Exon 10 Is Associated to Imatinib Response in Extraabdominal Aggressive Fibromatosis.
Kurtz JE, Asmane I, Voegeli AC, Neuville A, Dufresne A, Litique V, Chevreau C, Bergerat JP.
Sarcoma. 2010;2010:458156. doi: 10.1155/2010/458156. Epub 2010 Mar 17.
PMID 20339585
 
Specific mutations in the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1) correlate with local recurrence in sporadic desmoid tumors.
Lazar AJ, Tuvin D, Hajibashi S, Habeeb S, Bolshakov S, Mayordomo-Aranda E, Warneke CL, Lopez-Terrada D, Pollock RE, Lev D.
Am J Pathol. 2008 Nov;173(5):1518-27. doi: 10.2353/ajpath.2008.080475. Epub 2008 Oct 2.
PMID 18832571
 
Immunohistochemical analysis of desmoid tumours.
Leithner A, Gapp M, Radl R, Pascher A, Krippl P, Leithner K, Windhager R, Beham A.
J Clin Pathol. 2005 Nov;58(11):1152-6.
PMID 16254103
 
Optimizing treatment of desmoid tumors.
Lev D, Kotilingam D, Wei C, Ballo MT, Zagars GK, Pisters PW, Lazar AA, Patel SR, Benjamin RS, Pollock RE.
J Clin Oncol. 2007 May 1;25(13):1785-91.
PMID 17470870
 
Abdominal wall lump after cesarean delivery.
Li MH, Leng JH, Jiang Y, Lang JH.
Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Aug;120(2 Pt 2):494-7. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e318260dbda.
PMID 22825277
 
Immunohistochemical and mutational analysis of PDGF and PDGFR in desmoid tumours: is there a role for tyrosine kinase inhibitors in c-kit-negative desmoid tumours?
Liegl B, Leithner A, Bauernhofer T, Windhager R, Guelly C, Regauer S, Beham A.
Histopathology. 2006 Dec;49(6):576-81.
PMID 17163842
 
The role of APC and beta-catenin in the aetiology of aggressive fibromatosis (desmoid tumors).
Lips DJ, Barker N, Clevers H, Hennipman A.
Eur J Surg Oncol. 2009 Jan;35(1):3-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ejso.2008.07.003. Epub 2008 Aug 21. (REVIEW)
PMID 18722078
 
Response of extraabdominal desmoid tumors to therapy with imatinib mesylate.
Mace J, Sybil Biermann J, Sondak V, McGinn C, Hayes C, Thomas D, Baker L.
Cancer. 2002 Dec 1;95(11):2373-9.
PMID 12436445
 
Phenotypic variation in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer syndrome. Association with infiltrative fibromatosis (desmoid tumor).
Maher ER, Morson B, Beach R, Hodgson SV.
Cancer. 1992 Apr 15;69(8):2049-51.
PMID 1544113
 
Multimodality management of desmoid tumors: how important is a negative surgical margin?
Melis M, Zager JS, Sondak VK.
J Surg Oncol. 2008 Dec 15;98(8):594-602. doi: 10.1002/jso.21033. (REVIEW)
PMID 19072851
 
Are desmoid tumors kit positive?
Miettinen M.
Am J Surg Pathol. 2001 Apr;25(4):549-50.
PMID 11257638
 
Signal transduction pathway analysis in desmoid-type fibromatosis: transforming growth factor-beta, COX2 and sex steroid receptors.
Mignemi NA, Itani DM, Fasig JH, Keedy VL, Hande KR, Whited BW, Homlar KC, Correa H, Coffin CM, Black JO, Yi Y, Halpern JL, Holt GE, Schwartz HS, Schoenecker JG, Cates JM.
Cancer Sci. 2012 Dec;103(12):2173-80. doi: 10.1111/cas.12037. Epub 2012 Nov 15.
PMID 23035734
 
Superficial fibromatoses are genetically distinct from deep fibromatoses.
Montgomery E, Lee JH, Abraham SC, Wu TT.
Mod Pathol. 2001 Jul;14(7):695-701.
PMID 11455002
 
Family history, surgery, and APC mutation are risk factors for desmoid tumors in familial adenomatous polyposis: an international cohort study.
Nieuwenhuis MH, Lefevre JH, Bulow S, Jarvinen H, Bertario L, Kerneis S, Parc Y, Vasen HF.
Dis Colon Rectum. 2011 Oct;54(10):1229-34. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0b013e318227e4e8.
PMID 21904137
 
Surgery versus radiation therapy for patients with aggressive fibromatosis or desmoid tumors: A comparative review of 22 articles.
Nuyttens JJ, Rust PF, Thomas CR Jr, Turrisi AT 3rd.
Cancer. 2000 Apr 1;88(7):1517-23. (REVIEW)
PMID 10738207
 
Desmoid tumours of the extremities and trunk: a review of the literature.
Pakos EE, Tsekeris PG, Goussia AC.
Int Orthop. 2005 Aug;29(4):210-3. Epub 2005 May 18. (REVIEW)
PMID 15900438
 
Imatinib for progressive and recurrent aggressive fibromatosis (desmoid tumors): an FNCLCC/French Sarcoma Group phase II trial with a long-term follow-up.
Penel N, Le Cesne A, Bui BN, Perol D, Brain EG, Ray-Coquard I, Guillemet C, Chevreau C, Cupissol D, Chabaud S, Jimenez M, Duffaud F, Piperno-Neumann S, Mignot L, Blay JY.
Ann Oncol. 2011 Feb;22(2):452-7. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdq341. Epub 2010 Jul 9.
PMID 20622000
 
Trisomies 8 and 20 in desmoid tumors.
Qi H, Dal Cin P, Hernandez JM, Garcia JL, Sciot R, Fletcher C, Van Eyken P, De Wever I, Van den Berghe H.
Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1996 Dec;92(2):147-9.
PMID 8976373
 
The desmoid tumor. I. Incidence, sex-, age- and anatomical distribution in the Finnish population.
Reitamo JJ, Hayry P, Nykyri E, Saxen E.
Am J Clin Pathol. 1982 Jun;77(6):665-73.
PMID 7091046
 
Familial adenomatous polyposis-associated desmoids display significantly more genetic changes than sporadic desmoids.
Robanus-Maandag E, Bosch C, Amini-Nik S, Knijnenburg J, Szuhai K, Cervera P, Poon R, Eccles D, Radice P, Giovannini M, Alman BA, Tejpar S, Devilee P, Fodde R.
PLoS One. 2011;6(9):e24354. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024354. Epub 2011 Sep 9.
PMID 21931686
 
Molecular characterization by array comparative genomic hybridization and DNA sequencing of 194 desmoid tumors.
Salas S, Chibon F, Noguchi T, Terrier P, Ranchere-Vince D, Lagarde P, Benard J, Forget S, Blanchard C, Domont J, Bonvalot S, Guillou L, Leroux A, Mechine-Neuville A, Schoffski P, Lae M, Collin F, Verola O, Carbonnelle A, Vescovo L, Bui B, Brouste V, Sobol H, Aurias A, Coindre JM.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2010 Jun;49(6):560-8. doi: 10.1002/gcc.20766.
PMID 20232483
 
Prognostic factors influencing progression-free survival determined from a series of sporadic desmoid tumors: a wait-and-see policy according to tumor presentation.
Salas S, Dufresne A, Bui B, Blay JY, Terrier P, Ranchere-Vince D, Bonvalot S, Stoeckle E, Guillou L, Le Cesne A, Oberlin O, Brouste V, Coindre JM.
J Clin Oncol. 2011 Sep 10;29(26):3553-8. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2010.33.5489. Epub 2011 Aug 15.
PMID 21844500
 
Evaluation of estrogen receptor alpha, estrogen receptor beta, progesterone receptor, and cKIT expression in desmoids tumors and their role in determining treatment options.
Santos GA, Cunha IW, Rocha RM, Mello CA, Guimaraes GC, Fregnani JH, Lopes A.
Biosci Trends. 2010 Feb;4(1):25-30.
PMID 20305341
 
Familial infiltrative fibromatosis (desmoid tumours) (MIM135290) caused by a recurrent 3' APC gene mutation.
Scott RJ, Froggatt NJ, Trembath RC, Evans DG, Hodgson SV, Maher ER.
Hum Mol Genet. 1996 Dec;5(12):1921-4.
PMID 8968744
 
Cyclooxygenase-2 and platelet-derived growth factor receptors as potential targets in treating aggressive fibromatosis.
Signoroni S, Frattini M, Negri T, Pastore E, Tamborini E, Casieri P, Orsenigo M, Da Riva L, Radice P, Sala P, Gronchi A, Bertario L, Pierotti MA, Pilotti S.
Clin Cancer Res. 2007 Sep 1;13(17):5034-40.
PMID 17785554
 
Individualizing management of aggressive fibromatoses.
Spear MA, Jennings LC, Mankin HJ, Spiro IJ, Springfield DS, Gebhardt MC, Rosenberg AE, Efird JT, Suit HD.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1998 Feb 1;40(3):637-45.
PMID 9486614
 
Treatment of extra-abdominal aggressive fibromatosis with pegylated interferon.
Stengel G, Metze D, Dorflinger B, Luger TA, Bohm M.
J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 Aug;59(2 Suppl 1):S7-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2007.07.019.
PMID 18625396
 
Re: Response of a KIT-positive extra-abdominal fibromatosis to imatinib mesylate and KIT genetic analysis.
Tamborini E, Negri T, Miselli F, Lagonigro MS, Pricl S, Pilotti S.
J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006 Nov 1;98(21):1583-4.
PMID 17077361
 
IFN-{beta} signaling positively regulates tumorigenesis in aggressive fibromatosis, potentially by modulating mesenchymal progenitors.
Tjandra SS, Hsu C, Goh YI, Gurung A, Poon R, Nadesan P, Alman BA.
Cancer Res. 2007 Aug 1;67(15):7124-31.
PMID 17671179
 
Aggressive fibromatosis (desmoid tumor) is derived from mesenchymal progenitor cells.
Wu C, Amini-Nik S, Nadesan P, Stanford WL, Alman BA.
Cancer Res. 2010 Oct 1;70(19):7690-8. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-1656. Epub 2010 Sep 14.
PMID 20841474
 
Soft tissue sarcoma, version 2.2012: featured updates to the NCCN guidelines.
von Mehren M, Benjamin RS, Bui MM, Casper ES, Conrad EU 3rd, DeLaney TF, Ganjoo KN, George S, Gonzalez R, Heslin MJ, Kane JM 3rd, Mayerson J, McGarry SV, Meyer C, O'Donnell RJ, Paz B, Pfeifer JD, Pollock RE, Randall RL, Riedel RF, Schuetze S, Schupak KD, Schwartz HS, Shankar S, Van Tine BA, Wayne J, Sundar H, McMillian NR.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2012 Aug;10(8):951-60.
PMID 22878820
 

Citation

This paper should be referenced as such :
Ross, JA ; Zhang, X
Desmoid-type fibromatosis
Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2013;17(8):571-578.
Free journal version : [ pdf ]   [ DOI ]
On line version : http://AtlasGeneticsOncology.org/Tumors/DesmoidFibromatosisID5179.html


Other genes implicated (Data extracted from papers in the Atlas) [ 2 ]

Genes APC EYA2

External links

arrayMap Topo ( C47,C49) arrayMap ((UZH-SIB Zurich)   [auto + random 100 samples .. if exist ]   [tabulated segments]
 
 
Disease databaseSoft Tissues: Desmoid-type fibromatosis
REVIEW articlesautomatic search in PubMed
Last year articlesautomatic search in PubMed


© Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
indexed on : Tue Nov 21 15:11:12 CET 2017


Home   Genes   Leukemias   Solid Tumors   Cancer-Prone   Deep Insight   Case Reports   Journals  Portal   Teaching   

For comments and suggestions or contributions, please contact us

jlhuret@AtlasGeneticsOncology.org.