Thrombospondins are encoded in vertebrates by a family of 5 THBS genes. THBS1 is infrequently mutated in most cancers, but its expression is positively regulated by several tumor suppressor genes and negatively regulated by activated oncogenes and promoter hypermethylation. Consequently, loss of thrombospondin-1 expression is frequently lost during oncogenesis and is correlated with a poor prognosis for some cancers. Thrombospondin-1 is a secreted protein that acts in the tumor microenvironment to inhibit angiogenesis, regulate antitumor immunity, stimulate tumor cell migration, and regulate the activities of extracellular proteases and growth factors. Differential effects of thrombospondin-1 on the sensitivity of normal versus malignant cells to ischemic and genotoxic stress also regulate the responses to tumors to therapeutic radiation and chemotherapy.
Jeffrey S. Isenberg ; David D. Roberts
Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2019-10-01
Online version: http://atlasgeneticsoncology.org/gene/42548/thbs1-(thrombospondin-1)
2005-05-01 THBS1 (thrombospondin-1) by David D Roberts